Tagged on: Disasters and Conflicts

Reports and Books
Sudan post-conflict environment assessment
United Nations Environment Programme

In January 2005, after more than two decades of devastating civil war, the Sudanese central government in Khartoum and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army in the south signed a historic Comprehensive Peace Agreement. This landmark achievement – which was followed by the adoption of an Interim Constitution – brought peace to most of the country for the first time in a generation. Now, thanks to the rapid development of its oil industry, Sudan is one of the fastest-growing economies in Africa. Direct investment and international aid are starting to flow into the country on a large scale, and some parts of Sudan are undergoing brisk development. As it focuses on recovery and development, however, the country faces a number of key challenges. Chief among them are several critical environmental issues – such as land degradation, deforestation and the impacts of climate change – that threaten Sudan’s prospects for long-term peace, food security and sustainable development. In addition, complex but clear linkages exist between environmental problems and ongoing conflict in Darfur, where violence and insecurity continue to prevail despite the signing of a peace agreement in May 2006. Not only are the adequate management and rehabilitation of natural resources fundamental prerequisites to peacebuilding in Darfur and the rest of Sudan – they must be considered national priorities if the country is to achieve long-term social stability and prosperity. With a view to gaining a comprehensive understanding of the current state of the environment in Sudan and catalysing action to address the country’s key environmental problems, the Government of National Unity (GONU) and Government of Southern Sudan (GOSS) requested the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to conduct a post-conflict environmental assessment of Sudan. The goal of the UNEP assessment was accordingly to develop a solid technical basis for medium-term corrective action in the field of environmental protection and sustainable development.


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2007
GEO
Global Environment Outlook 4
United Nations Environment Programme

The fourth report in the Global Environment Outlook (GEO) series from the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) provides a comprehensive, scientifically credible, policy-relevant and up-to-date assessment of, and outlook for, the state of the global environment. GEO-4 is published 20 years after the landmark World Commission on Sustainable Developments Bruntland Report of 1987. Environment for Development is the GEO-4 underlying theme and the report pays special attention to the role and impact of the environment on human well-being as well as to the use of environmental valuation as a tool for decision-making. GEO-4's specialized report, the Summary for Decision Makers is an essential guide for policy-makers. Both publications are excellent tools for teaching and research and relevant in the field of international environmental governance as they highlight policy opportunities for a more sustainable approach to economic growth and development.


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2007
GEO
Global Environment Outlook 4: summary for decision makers
United Nations Environment Programme

The Summary for Decision Makers (SDM) was prepared by UNEP with technical inputs from the coordinating lead authors and inputs from the members of the High-level Consultative Group. It underwent two rounds of extensive expert and government peer review. Finally, the SDM was subject to in-depth consideration by the Second Global Intergovernmental and Multistakeholder Consultation in September 2007. The consultation adopted a statement which endorsed the SDM.


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2007
Reports and Books
Environmental reporting for African journalists: a handbook of key environmental issues and concepts
United Nations Environment Programme

The dynamic nature of environmental information calls for concerted, consistent and informed environmental reporting. This handbook amplifies the call and presents journalists with the tools of delivering such reporting. The handbook is a product of comprehensive consultations, reviews and effective partnership between UNEP and the Africa Network of Environmental Journalists (ANEJ).


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2006
Reports and Books
Environmental considerations of human displacement in Liberia: a guide for decision makers
United Nations Environment Programme

This report provides Liberia-specific information on the environmental considerations of displacement. It points the relevant Liberian humanitarian or environmental practitioner to the relevant source material for detailed guidance on camp site selection, management, and decommissioning as well as providing an overview of the key environmental points relating to the return and resettlement process.


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2006
GEO
GEO Year Book 2006
United Nations Environment Programme

The GEO Year Book 2006 is the third annual survey of the changing global environment produced by the United Nations Environment Programme, in collaboration with many world experts in environmental research and action. The Year Book includes global and regional overviews. It highlights the linkages between environmental well-being, vulnerability and poverty||records recent findings on the value of ecosystem services||and describes new research findings on polar and ocean changes that may prove a turning point in the urgency of our awareness and response to global change.


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2006
Reports and Books
In the front line: shoreline protection and other ecosystem services from mangroves and coral reefs
United Nations Environment Programme

The tragic and devastating consequences of the Asian tsunami, December 2004 , and the hurricanes and cyclones of 2005 were a wakeup call for the global community, dramatically drawing attention to the dangers of undermining the services that coastal ecosystems provide to humankind. This report has gathered lessons that have been learned since these events that will be relevant to future management of the coasts in the context of severe weather events and other potential consequences of global warming. More than ever it is essential to consider the full value of ecosystem services that is the benefits that people derive from ecosystems when making decisions about coastal development. The publication aims to help decision and policy makers around the world understand the importance of coastal habitats to humans, focusing on the role of coral reefs and mangroves. As well as coastal protection, it also addresses the huge range of other benefits provided by these ecosystems and the role that they can play in coastal development and in restoring livelihoods for those suffering from the effects of extreme events.


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2006
Reports and Books
Afghanistan's Environmental Recovery: A Post-conflict Plan for People and their Natural Resources
United Nations Environment Programme

As Afghanistan moves forward, the Government has placed security, good governance, and self-sustainability at the top of its reconstruction agenda. To achieve these goals, investment in rebuilding human capital and institutions, particularly those necessary for effective natural resource management and recovery, is an essential part of Afghanistan’s vision towards securing its future.


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2006
Reports and Books
Environment for Development: An Ecosystems Assessment of Lake Victoria Basin Environmental and Socio-Economic Status, Trends and Human Vulnerabilities
United Nations Environment Programme, Pan African START Secretariat (PASS)

In relation to the development of an Environment Outlook Report of the Lake Victoria basin, a stakeholder workshop on Lake Victoria was convened by the Pan African START Secretariat (PASS) in September 2004, through funding from UNEP-DEWA and START through the United States National Science Foundation / US Climate Change Science Program (USNSF/USCCSP). The stakeholder workshop brought together a team of experts from riparian countries of the lake basin region to discuss the issues and scope of the Lake Victoria Basin Environment Outlook Report, including reaching consensus on the structure of the Report, themes to be covered, emerging issues, outlook, experts to write various sections, content of the Report and policy options for action. The expert input was invaluable and sincere appreciation is extended to this group. The Report was collated by the Pan African START Secretariat (PASS) as an input into the Africa Environment Outlook (AEO) 2 and Global Environmental Outlook (GEO) 4 reports produced by UNEP Division of Early Warning and Assessment (DEWA). This publication of technical papers on Lake Victoria, which have been written by some of the experts who were party to the Stakeholders Workshop in 2004, goes hand in hand with the Lake Victoria Environment Outlook Report 2006 as an information resource document. A whole array of issues are covered, including such aspects as: people and livelihoods, health and nutrition, water and land resources, land cover and land use change, freshwater pollution, aquatic biodiversity, energy and environment, natural disasters, fisheries, environmental assets, and legal and institutional frameworks in the lake basin. Each of the papers, while focussing on a particular aspect, tackle the relevant elements of these broad issues to varying degrees, offering, therefore, a richly spiced and integrated perspective of the environmental concerns within the lake basin.


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2006
Reports and Books
After the Tsunami: rapid environmental assessment
United Nations Environment Programme

This report is the product of close cooperation between UNEP and national environmental authorities and experts. It provides a preliminary ground-level look at the tsunami's impact on various sectors of the regions environment. It highlights problems in need of immediate attention, underscoring the strong link between environment and sustainable livelihood and the need for improved early warning and disaster preparedness systems.


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2005