Tagged on: Disasters and Conflicts

Reports and Books
Environmental, social and economic assessment of the fencing of the Aberdare Conservation Area
The Kenya Wildlife Service, Kenya Forest Service, Kenya Forests Working Group, United Nations Environment Programme, Rhino Ark

This study was carried out to assess the environmental, social and economic effects of the electrified fence around the Aberdare Conservation Area – a length of fence of nearly 400 km. The construction of the fence took nearly twenty years of planning, fund raising and mobilization of government, donor, private partners and adjacent communities’ resources.


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2011
Annual Reports
UNEP 2010 annual report
United Nations Environment Programme

The 2010 Annual Report catalogues the beginning of a new, strategic and transformational direction for UNEP as it began implementing its Medium Term Strategy (MTS) for 2010-2013 across six areas: Climate change||Disasters and conflicts||Ecosystem management||Environmental governance||Harmful substances and Hazardous waste||Resource efficiency, Sustainable consumption and production. 2010 was important for many reasons, a year of on-going financial instability set against an increase in the frequency and intensity of natural disasters and shifting weather patterns. UNEP's broad response is catalogued in this 2010 Annual Report from global assessments to rapid mechanisms in Haiti in response to the January earthquake and advisory services to countries interested in transitioning to greener economies. This report attempts to set UNEP's work over the last year in context and show its future relevance in meeting the emerging challenges of the coming years. The core objective of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is to serve as an authoritative advocate for the global environment, to help governments set the global environmental agenda, and to promote the coherent implementation of the environmental dimension of sustainable development within the United Nations system.


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2011
Reports and Books
Freshwater under Threat – Pacific Islands
United Nations Environment Programme

This study undertakes a vulnerability assessment of the freshwater resources of the Pacific Island Countries (PICs), based on input from technical experts and regional resource managers. The approach assumes that the vulnerability of freshwater resources is dependent upon the resources available to meet the productive, consumptive and environment uses||the pollution and development pressures||and the management capacity to respond to these pressures. This approach highlights the importance of drivers such as climate variability and change, population growth, urban migration and economic development to water resource vulnerability through their influence on the state of freshwater resources and the associated pressures.


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2011
Reports and Books
Livelihood security: Climate Change, Conflict and Migration in the Sahel
United Nations Environment Programme

The Sahelian countries (CILSS) are among the poorest countries in the world with the most degraded environments. They are also among the countries that are the most vulnerable to the estimated effects of climate change. This makes the region an area to focus regional and international attention on, in respect to the possible effects of climate change and its potential linkages to migration and/or conflict. This study focuses on the nine countries that form the Permanent Inter-State Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel namely, Senegal, Guinea Bissau, Cape Verde, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger, Gambia and Burkina Faso.


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2011
Reports and Books
Environment and Disaster Risk: Emerging Perspectives
United Nations Environment Programme

Melting glaciers, denuded slopes, expanding deserts these images of environmental change have long captured public attention. With the threat of global climate change, the environment has moved from casual concern to the forefront of the international agenda. The scale of change is so great that society must now address the challenges of adapting to an altered environment while at the same time strengthening efforts to prevent further damage. Scientists and decision makers have only recently recognized the need for policy to tackle the complexity of this interaction. Growing interest in adaptation to climate change is evidence of this realization. The scientific community now stresses that both the underlying causes of human vulnerability to hazards, and the role of environmental conditions in exacerbating those hazards should be taken into account. This discussion paper aims to address the complexity of risk in this 'two-way system' between environment and human societies.


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2011
GEO
Africa Environment Outlook 3: author's guide
United Nations Environment Programme

The purpose of these guidelines is to serve as a reference point for all players involved in the AEO-3 production process. The main aim is to ensure consistency in the quality of contributions to the report||avoid problems in the use of illustrations||and guide the editorial and review processes. The guidelines are relevant to all partners and stakeholders contributing to the AEO-3 reporting process. They should be used through all stages of the process: from data acquisition, drafting, writing editing, peer review through to design and printing of the finished product.


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2011
Reports and Books
Keeping Track of Our Changing Environment: From Rio to Rio+20 (1992-2012)
United Nations Environment Programme

This innovative publication, which is based on statistical evidence, illustrates major global environmental, economic and social changes since 1992. The numbers tell the story of how, in twenty years, the world has changed more than most of us could have ever imagined. The report has been produced within the framework of UNEP's fifth Global Environment Outlook assessment report, which will be published in May 2012 in advance of Rio+20.


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2011
UNEP Year Book 2010
United Nations Environment Programme

The UNEP Yearbook 2010 is essential, informative and authoritative reading and within six chapters the Year Book addresses the following: In 2009, efforts to advance international environmental governance focused on defining key objectives and functions for an improved UN architecture to address global environmental change. Ecosystems are being pushed beyond thresholds. Drivers of change that lead to biodiversity loss and changes in ecosystem services are growing in intensity. Dead zones in coastal areas have doubled in extent every decade since the 1960s. Much work remains to be done to reduce and mitigate the effects of harmful substances and hazardous waste on human health and the environment. Many unanswered questions remain about nanomaterials. The effects of increasing atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations are better understood, as more indicators of climate change are being assessed. Direct observations and modelling indicate that the planets tropical belt is expanding. Sustainable natural resource management can reduce vulnerability to disasters and conflicts and support peacebuilding. Promising tools to reduce disaster conflict risks are being integrated into policy and institutional structures. Better managing material and energy flows will help meet challenges associated with environmental impacts and advance decoupling of economic growth and resource use.


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2010
Reports and Books
UNEP in China: building back better||UNEP 在中国: 重 建 更 好
United Nations Environment Programme

As the United Nations system's designated entity for addressing environmental issues at the global level, the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) was requested by the Government of the People's Republic of China to lend assistance in the aftermath of the disaster. UNEP immediately engaged in the post-disaster recovery effort, including by coordinating the environmental response to the earthquake through its office in Beijing, which was supported by international experts and technical staff from across the organization. This publication outlines the key achievements of UNEP's engagement in the country from 2008 to 2010, which focused primarily on providing high-level expertise and capacity development for the management of the environmental impacts of the disaster.


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2010
Reports and Books
Sierra Leone Environment, Conflict and Peace-building Assessment
United Nations Environment Programme

The Sierra Leone Environment, Conflict and Peacebuilding Assessment examines how environmental governance and natural resource management will play a vital role in undertaking Sierra Leone's Agenda for Change. Given the role that natural resources played in the civil war, and the remaining environmental impacts of the conflict, addressing these issues in the ongoing peacebuilding process is an important challenge. The assessment examines direct and indirect environmental impacts of the conflict, natural resources-related risks to the peace process, and opportunities to use environmental cooperation for peacebuilding


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2010