Tagged on: Disasters and Conflicts

Annual Reports
UNEP 2013 Annual Report
United Nations Environment Programme

The 2013 Annual Report lays out the highlights of UNEP's work in 2013, a year in which the organization's Governing Council met under Universal Membership for the first time and the strengthening process agreed the previous year began in earnest. The report focuses on UNEP's achievement in the key focus areas of Climate Change||Disasters and Conflicts||Ecosystem Management||Environmental Governance||Harmful Substances and Hazardous Waste||Resource Efficiency||and Sustainable Consumption and Production. It also highlights the key role UNEP plays in providing environmental leadership to the UN system and the international community: for example, in 2013, nations adopted the Minamata Convention on Mercury, the first new global multilateral environmental agreement in almost a decade.


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2014
Reports and Books
Global Environment Outlook: Small Island Developing States : Outlook - GEO SIDS
United Nations Environment Programme

GEO SIDS Outlook is a contribution to the 2014 Third International UN Conference on Small Island Developing States, which has an overarching theme of the sustainable development of Small Island Developing States through genuine and durable partnerships. It is also an important and new contribution to UNEP’s Global Environment Outlook that looks at the drivers for change and highlights opportunities and challenges for SIDS in a rapidly changing world.


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2014
Reports and Books
Taking root: the cash crop trade in Darfur
United Nations Environment Programme

The purpose of the study is to understand the impact of a decade of conflict in Darfur on the trade in some of Darfur’s major cash crops. How has the cash crop trade adapted, and to what extent, if at all, has it recovered? What are the major constraints faced? The ultimate objective is to identify how the cash crop trade can be supported to better sustain livelihoods in Darfur, and to support the eventual recovery of Darfur’s economy. The study covers groundnuts, Darfur’s most important cash crop, as well as sesame, gum arabic, tombac (chewing tobacco), and oranges. The main focus is trade and agro-processing, although the study also explores trends in production during the last decade.


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2014
Reports and Books
Keeping Track of Our Changing Environment in Asia and the Pacific
United Nations Environment Programme

The Keeping Track of Our Changing Environment in Asia and the Pacific report is a unique scientific and indicator-based assessment report produced by UNEP, with contributions from experts and UNEP National Focal Points from the region. The report analyzes emerging and persistent development and environmental challenges in the region. The report also traces the patterns of economic development and resource use and degradation since 1992 when leaders from countries around the globe made their commitment to sustainable development at the UN Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.


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2014
Programme Performance Reports
UNEP Programme Performance Report 2013
United Nations Environment Programme

The 2012-2013 biennium completed the implementation of the first Medium-Term Strategy of UNEP for the period 2010-2013. For the first time in the history of the organization, results-based management principles were fully applied throughout the programme cycle, from planning to monitoring and evaluating our implementation. UNEP’s performance against Expected Accomplishments in the Programme of Work for the biennium 2012-2013 shows: - 64 per cent achieved on schedule||- 85 per cent of indicator targets that were achieved were over-exceeded||- 30 per cent partially achieved with work still underway in some cases. Financial (and human)||resources are not always available at the beginning of the biennium as funds are mobilized during the biennium in which results are to be achieved, sometimes affecting the pace of the organization’s delivery and expenditure rates||- 6 per cent not achieved, owing to indicators that were not possible to measure and were substituted with alternative performance measurements.


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2014
Reports and Books
Ecosystem based approaches for climate change adaptation in Caribbean SIDS
Pascal Peduzzi (United Nations Environment Programme/DEWA/GRID-Geneva), Alexander Wolf (ZMT Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Biology)

Existing climate variability and global climate change are major threat stosustainable development in the Caribbean, particularly for the Small Island Developing States(SIDS). Hurricanes, storms urges and extreme rainfall events cause major damages to the assets of coastal populations, infrastructure and ecosystems. Climate projections suggest that sea level rise(SLR) and the increase of sea water temperature will continue, as well as the intensity and frequency of extreme weather events are likely to increase. Ecosystem based Adaptation(EbA) approaches, combining both engineered and community based benefits, are promising to prepare SIDS for future climate change scenarios. This reviewiew identifies Caribbean SIDS which highly depend on their marine ecosystems and are particularly vulnerable to climate change related risks and provides a recommendation on SIDS which are most suitable for EbA approaches including restoration and climate change adaptation efforts. Theselection was based on an assessment of the most important coastal ecosystems, namely mangrove forests, seagrass meadows and coral reefs, which can mitigate the consequences of climate change. In particular, the ecosystems extent, status, and potential to climate change adaptation(CCA) were assessed. The existence of protected areas and the management of those areas were considered additional assets as they constitute absolute pre-requisites for any EbA approach addressing restoration efforts, to become successful in the long run. The island states of Grenada, SantaLucia, Jamaica, SaintVincent & the Grenadines and The Bahamas display suitable conditions, given certain prerequisites are to be met, for restoration efforts of various kinds to be implemented in the near future.


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2013
Reports and Books
Natural resource management and peacebuilding in Afghanistan
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Country Team in Afghanistan

This report looks at the ways in which natural resource management—the institutions, policies and practices that govern land, water, forests, minerals, hydrocarbons—interact with violent conflict in Afghanistan.


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2013
Reports and Books
Africa Environment Outlook 3: our environment, our health
United Nations Environment Programme

The Third Africa Environment Outlook (AEO-3), analyses the importance of, and interlinkages between, health and environment and the opportunities and synergies that might be derived from intensified collaboration between the two sectors. It uses the Drivers, Pressures, State, Exposure, Effects and Actions (DPSEEA) analytical framework to undertake an integrated analysis of the state and trends covering the themes of air quality, biodiversity, chemicals and waste, climate change and variability, coastal and marine resources, freshwater and sanitation as well as land. It also illustrates how socio-economic driving forces can generate environmental pressures, leading to altered ecosystem states, personal exposure to risks and adverse health effects.


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2013
Serials
UNEP global environmental alert service: August 2013
United Nations Environment Programme

The uniquely adapted mangrove forests on the marine-terrestrial interface preserve coastline integrity by buffering wave energy from marine processes. The ecosystem services they provide and their support for coastal livelihoods worldwide are worth at least US $1.6 billion a year. Despite their global importance, mangroves are being lost rapidly and action is urgently needed to protect them.


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2013
Annual Reports
UNEP 2012 annual report
United Nations Environment Programme

The 2012 Annual Report details UNEP's wide-ranging activities in what proved to be the most momentous year in the organizations history. At Rio+20, Heads of State and governments decided to strengthen and upgrade UNEP. This was followed by the adoption of a resolution at the 67th session of the UN General Assembly later in the year that granted UNEP universal membership and called for increased resources. The report details UNEPs work across its six thematic areas: Climate Change, Disasters and Conflicts, Ecosystem Management, Environmental Governance, Harmful Substances and Hazardous Waste, Resource Efficiency and Sustainable Consumption and Production. It also highlights the key role UNEP plays in providing environmental leadership to the UN system and the international community, showcasing dozens of collaborative initiatives that drive the agenda of international environmental governance.


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2013