Tagged on: Climate change

Our Planet
Rio+20 - Our Planet Special Issue: Celebrating 40 Years of UNEP
United Nations Environment Programme

As Environment Ministers gather in Nairobi for their annual meeting of the UNEP Governing Council in February 2012, all eyes are on the follow-up to the Earth Summit of 1992, or Rio+20. This meeting, taking place in June, may prove to be an opportunity where the Green Economy initiative is translated into a fresh and forward-looking way of finally realizing sustainable development for seven billion people, rising to over nine billion by 2050.


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2012
Reports and Books
Sahel atlas of changing landscapes: tracing trends and variations in vegetation cover and soil condition
Vgen, Tor-Gunnar, Gumbricht, Thomas

This atlas aims to illustrate a rigorous scientific basis for understanding processes of landscape change in the Sahel and describes landscapes climate vegetation and trends in vegetation and soil health. The atlas provides a pictorial overview of the application of land degradation surveillance science based approach to land health monitoring and assessment Systematic sampling and observation of ground conditions are combined with new technology for rapid soil characterization and with fine to moderate resolution satellite imagery to provide powerful inference about soil vegetation and socioeconomic conditions at local to regional scales.


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2012
Reports and Books
The Emissions Gap Report 2012: A UNEP Synthesis Report
United Nations Environment Programme

This report reviews a number of successful policy actions that have been effective in substantially reducing emissions at the national level. For example, appliance standards, performance standards for vehicles, and economic incentives to reduce deforestation to name but three. Many of these are being implemented for reasons other than climate change and they are generating multiple Green Economy benefits and opportunities right across the sustainable development landscape.


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2012
Reports and Books
Arctic Report Card: update for 2012 (NOAA 2012)
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

What's new in 2012? New records set for low snow extent and sea ice extent, and for widespread ice sheet melting, despite air temperatures - a key cause of melting - being unremarkable relative to the last decade. Multiple observations provide strong evidence of widespread, sustained change driving Arctic environmental system into new state.


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2012
Reports and Books
Livelihood security: Climate Change, Conflict and Migration in the Sahel
United Nations Environment Programme

The Sahelian countries (CILSS) are among the poorest countries in the world with the most degraded environments. They are also among the countries that are the most vulnerable to the estimated effects of climate change. This makes the region an area to focus regional and international attention on, in respect to the possible effects of climate change and its potential linkages to migration and/or conflict. This study focuses on the nine countries that form the Permanent Inter-State Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel namely, Senegal, Guinea Bissau, Cape Verde, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger, Gambia and Burkina Faso.


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2011
Reports and Books
Mauritius Environment Outlook Report
Government of Mauritius

Since 1990, environment and sustainable development have been positioned high on the world’s agenda. The global community has become increasingly conscious of its fundamental dependency on ecosystems and its simultaneous impacts on these same ecosystems through the pressures of population growth, resource consumption and the discharge of waste and pollutants to air, land and water. The outcome of the various conferences held, from Agenda 21 (1992), through the Barbados Plan of Action (1994) and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (2002) to the Mauritius Strategy (2005) have all successively recognised that access to information on the environment is one of the catalyst for the implementation of the policies contained in these reports. It is this awareness and commitments taken by States to foster sustainable development that have driven the emergence of environmental reporting in an effort to improve understanding of the environment, monitor its health and serve as a tool to ensure its protection. The Mauritius Environment Outlook Report (MEO) is the fi rst report of its kind published by the Government of Mauritius, which refl ects a fi rmly based and growing recognition of the importance attached to environmental issues as an integral part in the pursuit of sustainable development.


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2011
Our Planet
Forests: Nature at Your Service - Our Planet June 2011
United Nations Environment Programme

The United Nations Environment Programme's flagship magazine.


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2011
Reports and Books
Towards a life cycle sustainability assessment: making informed choices on products
United Nations Environment Programme

Every day, unsustainable patterns of consumption, unsustainable production methods and population growth challenge the resilience of the planet to support human activities. At the same time, inequalities between and within societies remain high leaving billions with unmet basic human needs and a disproportionate vulnerability to global environmental change. To counteract this trend, UNEP and SETAC have worked together to develop the current work Towards a Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment. This has been achieved through the UNEP/SETAC Life Cycle Initiative.</p><p>A key objective of the UNEP/SETAC Life Cycle Initiative is to help extend life cycle assessment (LCA) methods and practices. One major achievement has been the development of methods and techniques that can measure sustainability and allow LCA to support decision-making toward more sustainable product and process systems. In this way, life cycle techniques can be used to carry out life cycle sustainability assessments. This guidance document provides a starting point for learning about the methodologies and techniques suitable for life-cycle-based ways of measuring sustainability.</p><p>Environmental life cycle assessment, life cycle costing and social life cycle assessment are techniques with similar aims and methodological frameworks addressing individually the three sustainability pillars. Towards a Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment shows how it is possible to combine them into an integrated assessment and outlines how they can be used to contribute to an overarching life cycle sustainability assessment (LCSA).</p><p>This publication is a natural step in UNEPs work, which has in the past decade focused on developing the 10-Year Framework of Programmes for Sustainable Development and which is now also focusing on economic sustainability through the UNEP Green Economy Initiative. This publication will increase the awareness of stakeholders and decision-makers in governments, agencies for international cooperation, business and consumers associations who are called on to take integrated and holistic decisions on products.


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2011
Book/Report
UNEP Emerging Issues: Environmental Consequences of Ocean Acidification: A Threat to Food Security
United Nations Environment Programme

Carbon dioxide is altering the chemistry of the surface oceans and causing them to become more acidic. From scientists and marine resource managers, to policy and decision-makers, there is growing concern that the process called ocean acidification could have significant consequences on marine organisms which may alter species composition, disrupt marine food webs and ecosystems and potentially damage fishing, tourism and other human activities connected to the seas.


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2010
Reports and Books
THE state of Environment in the Republic of Belarus [2005-2009]: National report
Republic of Belarus. Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection

The purpose of the report is to assess the environment of Belarus and to expose the tendencies of changes over a five year period (2005-2009) with application of international environmental indices, to identify causes and effects of present day ecological conditions which allow as the whole to improve and standardize the analytic component of such kind documents.


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2010