Tagged on: Chemicals and Waste

Book/Report
Towards a Pollution-Free Planet: Background Report
United Nations Environment Programme

Pollution today is pervasive and persistent. While the world has achieved significant economic growth over the past few decades, it has been accompanied by large amounts of pollution, with significant impacts on human health and ecosystems and the ways in which some of the major Earth system processes, such as the climate, are functioning. This report describes the pollution challenge, explores what is already being done to address pollution, and proposes 50 focused and actionable interventions to address pollution in all its forms. The report is a call to act towards a pollution-free planet.


Download: Full Report
2017
Book/Report
Aflatoxins and their Biological Activity
United Nations Environment Programme

The group of aflatoxins (secondary metabolite of microscopic fungi of the Aspergillus genus) includes more than 10 compounds of similar chemical structure and biological, action. It in mostly aflatoxins B1, B2,G1 and O2 that are found in natural conditions as contaminants of food products and feeds. Out of four main representatives of aflatoxins, B 1 is most toxic and, as a rule, it is synthesized in the largest amounts. The results of studying aflatoxins over 20 years since their discovery have shown that most mammals (including primates), birds, some species of fish, insects, and microorganisms are susceptible, in various degrees, to the toxic action of aflatoxins


Download: English
Book chapter
Nanomaterials: Applying the Precautionary Principle - Frontiers 2017: Emerging Issues of Environmental Concern
United Nations Environment Programme, McGlade, Jacqueline

The recent advances in nanotechnology and nanoscience have introduced nanoscale materials with emergent physical and chemical properties to transform the world.


Download: English, French, Russian, Spanish, Arabic, Chinese
Assessment report
Air Quality Management and Assessment Capabilities in 20 Major Cities
United Nations Environment Programme, World Health Organization

This report assesses the components required for effective air quality management: the information inputs which are required for decision-making; how these inputs are used and how to measure their comprehensiveness, effectiveness and appropriateness.
It is, therefore, an important precursor to developing and improving existing management capabilities.


Download: English
Assessment report
Bi-ennial Global Interlaboratory Assessment on Persistent Organic Pollutants – Third Round 2016/2017
United Nations Environment Programme

The third Bi-ennial Global Interlaboratory Assessment on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) was organized in 2016. After invitation to participate in this third round of the proficiency test, 175 laboratories from 66 countries had registered. The test materials included test solutions of analytical standards, the abiotic matrices sediment, air (extract) and water and the biotic matrices fish, human milk and human plasma. The results for the 23 groups of POPs that were listed in the annexes of the Stockholm Convention until 2013 and in addition hexachlorobutadiene were assessed. These resulted in a report with a wealth of information on POP analysis and huge datasets from which the laboratories can evaluate their own methods and performance.


Download: English
Other
Appendix 5: Statistical Evaluation - Bi-ennial Global Interlaboratory Assessment on Persistent Organic Pollutants – Third Round 2016/2017
United Nations Environment Programme
Download: English
Book/Report
Ad Hoc Technical Advisory Committee on ODS Destruction Technologies
United Nations Environment Programme

At the second meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol, held in London in June 1990, it was decided to establish an ad-hoc technical advisory committee (TAC) on destruction technologies for ozone-depleting substances (ODS). The TAC was requested to carry out a review of such technologies; make recommendations as to their approval criteria; consider related environmental issues; and examine other pertinent aspects.


Download: English
Book/Report
Air Pollution and its Health Effects in China: A Monograph
World Health Organization, United Nations Environment Programme

This monograph is a contribution to these efforts and a companion volume to the Proceedings of the WHO/UNEP Air Pollution Workshop, Beqing, China October 1993 (WHO/EHG/PCS/95.22). It contains two papers: The first is a review paper that seeks to consolidate current knowledge and information concerning outdoor and indoor air pollution in China in urban and rural areas, and the health effects arising from it. The second paper focuses on air pollution and mortality in Shenyang, Liaoning Province,China. A detailed case study, it provides insight into the extent of air pollution in Shenyang and the methodology that can be used to conduct an epidemiology study when only limited resources are available.


Download: English
Infographic/Flyer
Como os metais determinam nossas vidas
United Nations Environment Programme
Download: Portuguese
Book/Report
Air and Water Pollution: Sources of Information and Bibliography
United Nations Environment Programme

This bibliography covers the preliminary aspects of information gathering, the policy and legal aspects of decision-making, and the technical choices regarding treatment and disposal. Within each topic a selection of references has been given to orient the reader, and to provide factual information. A number of handbooks and manuals are among the references, thus allowing further research into topics that could not be covered in the limited space here.


Download: English