Tagged on: Latin America and the Caribbean

Report on Workshop on Environmentally Sound Management of Used Lead Acid Batteries (ULAB)
United Nations Environment Programme

A new multi-stakeholderregional initiative for environmentally responsible management of used lead acid batteries (ULAB) emerged as anoutcome of the Regional Workshop on Environmentally Sound Management (ESM) of these hazardous wastes. This workshop was organized by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP)and the Basel Convention Regional Centre for Central America and Mexico (BCRC-CAM)inGuatemala City from 24 to 25 February 2016, with the support of the Guatemalan Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources. Moreover, this new regional initiative has set a goal that by 2020 most ULAB in this sub-region (Central America, Mexico, Dominican Republic and possibly the Caribbean) will be managed in an environmentally responsible manner, without causing harm to health and the environment.


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2016
XX Meeting of the Forum of the Ministries of the Environment of Latin America and the Caribbean 28-31 March 2016; Cartagena, Colombia Decision 3:Environmental Education for Sustainable Development
United Nations Environment Programme

This decision among others, requests UNEP to systematize the new experiences on environmental education which embrace comprehensive approaches and ascribing these experiences to the Network, for building the future Work Plan 2016-2018, and to coordinate the development of the ETN- LAC workplan for the period 2016-2018, including the identification of responsible people, actions, timeline, indicators, necessary financial resources, as well as synergies with other programmes and regional and subregional initiatives in Latin America and the Caribbean on environmental education.


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2016
GEO
GEO-6: Global Environment Outlook: Regional assessment for Latin America and the Caribbean
United Nations Environment Programme

This regional Global Environment Outlook (GEO) report,the fourth for Latin America and the Caribbean (with theprevious GEO regional assessment for LAC published in2010), places emphasis on identifying some of the mostworrying and persistent threats to the region through anenvironmental lens, but also on the achievements, successstories and opportunities in the region.


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2016
Declaración de Cartagena
Ministers of Environment of Latin America and the Caribbean
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2016
GEO
全球环境展望6区域评估总结:GEO-6 主要发现和政策信息环境署
环境署

全球环境展望6区域评估总结:GEO-6 主要发现和政策信息环境署


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2016
Reports and Books
Integrated assessment of short-lived climate pollutants in Latin America and the Caribbean: Summary for decision makers
United Nations Environment Programme

In 2011, two scientific global assessments coordinated by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) identified a number of win-win measures for near-term climate change and clean air benefits. Implementation of these cost-effective and readily available measures, which target reducing emissions of short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) in key sectors, can bring rapid and multiple benefits for human well-being and support countries achieve their development objectives, while simultaneously increasing their ambition for climate mitigation in the near term. The reduction in SLCP emissions should, however, be done in parallel with the reduction in carbon dioxide (CO2 ) emissions.


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2016
Reports and Books
Carbono cero América Latina: Una Vía para la Descarbonización Neta de la Economía Regional Para Mediados de Este Siglo - Documento de Visión
United Nations Environment Programme

Este documento de visión evalúa las perspectivas de descarbonización neta en la región de América Latina y el Caribe. Presenta un conjunto de escenarios con medidas que sería necesario adoptar en materia de energía, transporte, uso de la tierra e industria, y al mismo tiempo examina las combinaciones de políticas, desarrollo tecnológico y condiciones económicas que tendrían como resultado cero emisiones netas de dióxido de carbono en la región para mediados de este siglo.


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2016
GEO
Summary of the sixth global environment outlook GEO-6 regional assessments: Key findings and policy messages: UNEP/EA.2/INF/17
United Nations Environment Programme

The present note summarizes the key findings and policy messages stemming from the Global Environment Outlook (GEO-6) assessments conducted for the six United Nations Environment Programme regions (Africa, Asia and the Pacific, Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, North America and West Asia1,2), pursuant to resolution 1/4 of the first session of the United Nations Environment Assembly.


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2016
Update on the Caribbean Marine Protected Areas Management Network and Forum (CaMPAM) and Its Major Activities
United Nations Environment Programme, Caribbean Environment Programme

During the 2012-2014 biennium, the Caribbean Marine Protected Areas Management (CaMPAM) Network and Forum
developed and implemented several activities, funded primarily with resources from the project "Regional Support for
the Caribbean Challenge Initiative: Networking, Consolidation and Regional Coordination of MPA
Management”, provided by the Directorate General for Development Cooperation of the Italian Ministry of Foreign
Affairs and the SPAW programme.


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2014
Reports and Books
Status and Trends of Caribbean Coral Reefs: 1970-2012
Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network

This report is the most detailed and comprehensive study of its kind published to date – the result of the work of 90 experts over the course of three years. It contains the analysis of more than 35,000 surveys conducted at 90 Caribbean locations since 1970, including studies of corals, seaweeds, grazing sea urchins and fish. The results show that the Caribbean corals have declined by more than 50% since the 1970s. But according to the authors, restoring parrotfish populations and improving other management strategies, such as protection from overfishing and excessive coastal pollution, could help the reefs recover and make them more resilient to future climate change impacts. Key findings of the report: There has been a dramatic decline in Caribbean corals of more than 50% since the 1970s. The decline is not uniform and correlates only weakly with local extreme heating events, instead being mainly attributed to the severity of local stressors, in particular tourism, overfishing and pollution. Whilst climate change has badly affected Caribbean corals and continues to be a major threat, well-managed reefs have bounced back suggesting that climate change is not the main determinant of current Caribbean coral health and that good management practices can save larger areas of reef if tough choices are made. Loss of the two main grazers, parrotfish and sea urchin, has been a key driver of coral decline in the region as it breaks the delicate balance of coral ecosystems and allows algae to smother reefs The massive outbreak of coral diseases and mass die-off of sea urchin close to the Panama Canal suggest that the order-of-magnitude increase in bulk shipping in the 1960s and 1970s has introduced pathogens and invasive species that have since spread in the Caribbean. Recommendations made in the report: 1.,, Adopt conservation and fisheries management strategies that lead to the restoration of parrotfish populations and so restore the balance between algae and coral that characterises healthy coral reefs||2.,, Maximise the effect of those management strategies by incorporating necessary resources for outreach, compliance, enforcement and the examination of alternative livelihoods for those that may be affected by restrictions on the take of parrotfish||3.,, Consider listing the parrotfish in the Annex II and III of the SPAW Protocol (The Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife) in addition to highlighting the issue of reef herbivory in relevant Caribbean fisheries fora||4.,, Engage with indigenous and local communities and other stakeholders to communicate the benefits of such strategies for coral reef ecosystems, the replenishment of fisheries stocks and communities


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2014