Tagged on: Kenya

Summaries
The Financial System We Need: Aligning the Financial System with Sustainable Development - Policy Summary
United Nations Environment Programme
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Reports and Books
National Marine Ecosystem Diagnostic Analysis (MEDA) - Kenya
United Nations Development Programme

Kenya has the some of the oldest marine protected areas in the WIO Region. There are 4 marine parks and 5 marine national reserves. The total area of the parks is estimated at 54 km2, while that of reserves is 898 km2 representing approximately 8.7% of the Kenyan territorial waters. In addition, there are a number of community protected areas located in Wasini, Kuruwitu, Bureni, Trade-Winds, Kibuyuni and Kiweni. However, conflicts have been observed in these protected areas particularly where local fishing communities harbour negative attitudes towards establishing new government managed MPAs, creating an impediment to government commitment to increase MPA coverage. Local resource users are still concerned about being denied access and control over the resources in marine parks and reserves.
Environmental degradation and over-exploitation of natural resources are challenges that Kenya is facing with regard to the management of coastal and marine environment. In the small-scale fishery, the use of destructive fishing techniques, poverty and rapid population growth all continue to strain resources on the coast. Also, lack of capacity for effective management and enforcement of regulations is constraining sustainable management of the coastal region. There are however strengths and opportunities that can be utilized to promote sustainable management and development in Kenya’s coastal region. There are a number of opportunities that have the potential to generate alternative forms of employment, which could potentially reduce the strain being placed on coastal ecosystems. Creating alternative streams of income could reduce pressure on the marine ecosystems and counter the cyclical relationship between poverty and natural resource exploitation.


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Reports and Books
Monitoring The Restoration of Mangrove Ecosystems from Space
United Nations Environment Programme/GRID-Geneva

Mangrove establishment and rehabilitation projects have had varying levels of success at different locations around the world. Given the money that has been invested in restoring mangrove coverage, it is useful to map, monitor and compare results and experiences in different parts of the globe to compare the success of such projects. This study conducted temporal analyses for 24 mangrove sites from 10 different projects in six different countries (Senegal, the United Arab Emirates, Madagascar, Kenya, Solomon Island and Indonesia) using satellite imagery and GIS technology to map and monitor their status.


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Factsheets
Mainstreaming Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable use for Improved Human Nutrition and Well-being
United Nations Environment Programme
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Project documents
NIle River Basins: Review of Adaptation Best Practice Examples in the Nile River Basin Region
United Nations Environment Programme

UNEP recognizes the importance of the Nile River Basin in the context of a variable and changing climate and hence the imperative to design and pilot adaptation options at basin level. The objective of this report was to identify and evaluate best practice adaption options in response to risk, and vulnerability to climate change induced water stress as well as in the context of stated national adaptation priorities and climate change response strategies. This report contributes to the goal of building the resilience of ecosystems and economies that are most vulnerable to climate change induced water stress in the Nile Basin. The adaptation best practice examples presented in this report provide an evidence-base upon which the project on ‘Adapting to Climate Change induced Water Stress in the Nile River Basin’ can increase institutional and technical capacity to further test, replicate and scale up at the Nile River Basin level.


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Reports and Books
Water Resources Development and Vector-borne diseases in Kenya: Proceedings of a Seminar on Water Resources Development and Vector-Borne Diseases in Kenya
United Nations Environment Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, World Health Organization

At the end of the 1980s the troubled relationship between the biosphere of planet Earth and the man-driven process of economic development came to the foreground as the key topic in international discussions almost independent of which subject, they were addressing. At the beginning of the 1990s sustainability has become the bottom line of deliberations in bilateral and multilateral fora on specific development issues as well as on development at large.


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Reports and Books
Gender and Environment Statistics: Unlocking Information for Action and Measuring the SDGs
United Nations Environment Programme, International Union for Conservation of Nature

This report seeks to provide a framework to measure the nexus between gender and the environment. It proposes 18 gender-environment indicators for inclusion in the wider set of gender indicators, across the focal areas of right to land, natural resources and biodiversity; access to food, energy, water and sanitation; climate change, sustainable production and consumption, and health; and women in environmental decision making at all levels. This report then presents enabling conditions at national level, including through action research conducted in three partner countries: Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), Kenya and Mexico. In addition to exploring lessons learned and challenges to closing data gaps, recommendations for building on best and promising practices comprise the final chapter, with main ideas geared toward national statistics systems as well as inter-agency UN expert groups.


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Reports and Books
Air Quality Management and Assessment Capabilities in 20 Major Cities
United Nations Environment Programme, World Health Organization

This report assesses the components required for effective air quality management: the information inputs which are required for decision-making; how these inputs are used and how to measure their comprehensiveness, effectiveness and appropriateness. It is, therefore, an important precursor to developing and improving existing management capabilities.


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Infographics and Flyers
Plastic Management - Infographic
United Nations Environment Programme

This infographic presents key information about plastics including types of plastic, plastic economy, key facts and figures as well as champion countries tackling plastic pollution.


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Project documents
Project Document: The Western Indian Ocean Large Marine Ecosystems Strategic Action Programme Policy Harmonisation and Institutional Reforms (WIO LME SAPPHIRE)
United Nations Environment Programme, Global Environment Facility, United Nations Development Programme

This Project builds on the previous work completed under the UNDP supported GEF financed Agulhas and Somali Current Large Marine Ecosystems (ASCLME) Project in close collaboration with a number of partners. The ASCLME Project delivered the intended regional TDA and ministerially endorsed SAP for the western Indian Ocean LMEs as well as individual Marine Ecosystem Diagnostic Analyses (MEDAs) for each participating country. The ASCLME Project also created the Western Indian Ocean Sustainable Ecosystem Alliance (WIOSEA). The SAPPHIRE Project aims to support and assist the appropriate and formally mandated government institutions and intergovernmental bodies in the region to implement the activities which they require in order to deliver the SAP and to ensure sustainability of efforts and actions toward long-term management of activities within the LMEs as well as the sustainability of associated institutional arrangements and partnerships. The project’s activities have several cross-cutting themes, which will seek to meaningfully address progress towards meeting UNDP goals and targets with respect to sustainable development, poverty alleviation, early warning of disaster and climate change, SDGs, gender mainstreaming and youth. Throughout the implementation, the project will coordinate closely with the UNDEP GEF WIOLaB SAP project with the intention of harmonizing activities and ultimately combining institutional and administrative process for a single implementation strategy for the two WIO SAPs


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