Tagged on: Kenya

Reports and Books
Industries and Enforcement of Environmental Law in Africa: Industry Experts Review Environmental Practice
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Development Programme

This volume presents the actual presentations by representatives of industries from ten African countries on the question of rational management of the environment and natural re-sources. Among them were representatives of chambers of commerce and industries; federations of employers; specific industries, including multinationals; and government representatives.


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Reports and Books
Background Historical of the Mt. Kulal Region of Kenya - IPAL Technical Report Number A-2
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, United Nations Environment Programme

The objective of this study was to document the various pressures and influences which have been
exerted on the Project's study area both from within it and from the larger Lake Turkana region. This will assist in more accurate projection by the IPAL of the long-range, trends and temporary
fluctuations in environmental change as well as in the human and stock populations. In addition it will provide another perspective to the present research undertakings on the ecology of the area.


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Reports and Books
Public and Leadership Attitudes to the Environment in for Continents : A Report of a Survey in 14 Countries
United Nations Environment Programme

This report presents the results of a large multinational survey of public and leadership attitudes to environmental issues; conducted in 14 countries by Louis Harris and Associates for the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).


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Reports and Books
Compendium of Environmental Laws of African Countries Volume VII: Sectoral Environmental Laws and Regulations
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Development Programme

The Compendium of Environmental Laws of African Countries was published for the first time in 1996. The 1996 Edition of the Compendium is produced in about four volumes. The first volume contains the framework environmental laws and EIA Regulations only. The remaining volumes are sectoral laws, organized country by the country in alphabetical order.


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Reports and Books
Air Quality Management and Assessment Capabilities in 20 Major Cities
United Nations Environment Programme, World Health Organization

This report assesses the components required for effective air quality management: the information inputs which are required for decision-making; how these inputs are used and how to measure their comprehensiveness, effectiveness and appropriateness. It is, therefore, an important precursor to developing and improving existing management capabilities.


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Reports and Books
National Marine Ecosystem Diagnostic Analysis (MEDA) - Kenya
United Nations Development Programme

Kenya has the some of the oldest marine protected areas in the WIO Region. There are 4 marine parks and 5 marine national reserves. The total area of the parks is estimated at 54 km2, while that of reserves is 898 km2 representing approximately 8.7% of the Kenyan territorial waters. In addition, there are a number of community protected areas located in Wasini, Kuruwitu, Bureni, Trade-Winds, Kibuyuni and Kiweni. However, conflicts have been observed in these protected areas particularly where local fishing communities harbour negative attitudes towards establishing new government managed MPAs, creating an impediment to government commitment to increase MPA coverage. Local resource users are still concerned about being denied access and control over the resources in marine parks and reserves.
Environmental degradation and over-exploitation of natural resources are challenges that Kenya is facing with regard to the management of coastal and marine environment. In the small-scale fishery, the use of destructive fishing techniques, poverty and rapid population growth all continue to strain resources on the coast. Also, lack of capacity for effective management and enforcement of regulations is constraining sustainable management of the coastal region. There are however strengths and opportunities that can be utilized to promote sustainable management and development in Kenya’s coastal region. There are a number of opportunities that have the potential to generate alternative forms of employment, which could potentially reduce the strain being placed on coastal ecosystems. Creating alternative streams of income could reduce pressure on the marine ecosystems and counter the cyclical relationship between poverty and natural resource exploitation.


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Reports and Books
Environmental Impact Assessment - UNSOA (United Nations Support Office for AMISOM): Proposed Expansion of Logistics Base, Mombasa, Kenya
United Nations Environment Programme

The United Nations Support Office for AMISOM is a logistics operation that supplies the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) with necessary supplies and equipment. The Mombasa logistics base acts as a hub in this operation to which goods from different suppliers are tested for functionality and temporarily stored before being repackaged and shipped by sea to Somalia. Due to increases in troop numbers stationed in Somalia, it is proposed that the logistics base is required to expand – this expansion may take the form of increase in area of the existing base AWL site or the development of a new base within the compound of the Mombasa Airport site. On request from the UN Department for Field Support a reduced scope environmental impact assessment has been conducted to assess key environmental concerns related to the two alternatives. The EIA included looking at potential impacts on the human, physical, and ecological environment. This includes (to the extent possible given the resources available) socioeconomics, community infrastructure and services, health, safety and security issues, natural resources, pollution of air, soils, or water resources, and impacts on protected reserves. The results of the assessment are followed by suggestions on suitable mitigation efforts.


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Project documents
NIle River Basins: Review of Adaptation Best Practice Examples in the Nile River Basin Region
United Nations Environment Programme

UNEP recognizes the importance of the Nile River Basin in the context of a variable and changing climate and hence the imperative to design and pilot adaptation options at basin level. The objective of this report was to identify and evaluate best practice adaption options in response to risk, and vulnerability to climate change induced water stress as well as in the context of stated national adaptation priorities and climate change response strategies. This report contributes to the goal of building the resilience of ecosystems and economies that are most vulnerable to climate change induced water stress in the Nile Basin. The adaptation best practice examples presented in this report provide an evidence-base upon which the project on ‘Adapting to Climate Change induced Water Stress in the Nile River Basin’ can increase institutional and technical capacity to further test, replicate and scale up at the Nile River Basin level.


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Reports and Books
Infoterra: 15 Years of Making a Difference - Exchange of Environmental Experience Series No. 4
United Nations Environment Programme

The series, entitled Exchange of Environmental Experience, grew out of a recognition that a great deal of valuable experience on the environment was being shared through the INFOTERRA network, and perhaps much of this information warranted a wider audience. The substantive information given to one user upon request might be of interest to others.

This volume of the EEE series "INFOTERRA 15 Years of Making a Difference " aims to convey to the public a number of success stories of the INFOTERRA network and its impact on sustainable development.The success stories related here have been submitted by the involved INFOTERRA national focal points and researched by the staff of the INFOTERRA Programme Activity Centre as completely as resources have permitted.


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Project documents
Project Document: The Western Indian Ocean Large Marine Ecosystems Strategic Action Programme Policy Harmonisation and Institutional Reforms (WIO LME SAPPHIRE)
United Nations Environment Programme, Global Environment Facility, United Nations Development Programme

This Project builds on the previous work completed under the UNDP supported GEF financed Agulhas and Somali Current Large Marine Ecosystems (ASCLME) Project in close collaboration with a number of partners. The ASCLME Project delivered the intended regional TDA and ministerially endorsed SAP for the western Indian Ocean LMEs as well as individual Marine Ecosystem Diagnostic Analyses (MEDAs) for each participating country. The ASCLME Project also created the Western Indian Ocean Sustainable Ecosystem Alliance (WIOSEA). The SAPPHIRE Project aims to support and assist the appropriate and formally mandated government institutions and intergovernmental bodies in the region to implement the activities which they require in order to deliver the SAP and to ensure sustainability of efforts and actions toward long-term management of activities within the LMEs as well as the sustainability of associated institutional arrangements and partnerships. The project’s activities have several cross-cutting themes, which will seek to meaningfully address progress towards meeting UNDP goals and targets with respect to sustainable development, poverty alleviation, early warning of disaster and climate change, SDGs, gender mainstreaming and youth. Throughout the implementation, the project will coordinate closely with the UNDEP GEF WIOLaB SAP project with the intention of harmonizing activities and ultimately combining institutional and administrative process for a single implementation strategy for the two WIO SAPs


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