Tagged on: Kenya

Reports and Books
Regional Report on River-coast Interactions in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) region
United Nations Environment Programme, the African Centre for Water Research (ACWR), Western Indian Ocean Marine Sciences Association (WIOMSA)

This report presents an assessment of hydrological and land use  characteristics affecting  river‐coast interactions in the West Indian Ocean region. One of the key areas of concern for  the WIO region relates to the interaction between river basins and the coastal and marine  environment.  The report  provides  an  overview  of the  characteristics  of the main rivers  flowing into the South‐West Indian Ocean, from Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, South Africa  and Madagascar incorporating hydrology, land use and environmental issues. 


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2009
Reports and Books
Guidelines for the Establishment of Environmental Quality Objectives and Targets in the Coastal Zone of the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) Region
United Nations Environment Programme, the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)

This report describes the main ecotones of the WIO region and reviews the pressures on these ecosystems, with emphasis on those arising from land-based activities. The sensitivity of these ecotones and key species which inhibit them is assessed from available literature. This is done with a view to prepare EQO/Ts for the coastal zone of the WIO region.


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2009
Reports and Books
The Strategic Action Programme (SAP) for the Protection of the Western Indian Ocean from Land-Based Sources and Activities
United Nations Environment Programme

The Strategic Action Programme for the protection of the coastal and marine environment of the Western Indian Ocean from Land-based sources and activities (SAP) has been completed at a time when it is most needed. The SAP will in particular help the governments in the WIO region to jointly or individually deal with the challenges associated with the increasing demand for coastal and marine resources and the consequent destruction and degradation of critical habitats, changes in freshwater flow and sediments loads, as well as challenges resulting from global climate change. Decision-makers, administrators, planners, resource managers and scientists, will in particularly find this document valuable in the conception, formulation and implementation of specific projects aimed at enhancing the protection of the coastal and marine environment


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2009
Reports and Books
Regional Synthesis Report on the Policy, Legal, Regulatory and Institutional frameworks in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) region
United Nations Environment Programme, Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association (WIOMSA)

The main purpose of the report is to provide baseline knowledge of the gaps in the legal, policy, regulatory and institutional frameworks for dealing with Land-based Sources and Activities (LBSA) issues in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) Region. The report forms part of a process towards the development of a new LBSA Protocol to the Convention for the management, protection and development of the coastal and marine environment in the Eastern Africa region (in short referred to as Nairobi Convention). The study is intended to create momentum towards necessary changes in legal and other frameworks as the Region looks forward to implement the proposed LBSA Protocol.


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2009
Reports and Books
Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis of Land-based Sources and Activities in the Western Indian Ocean Region.
United Nations Environment Programme, Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association

This document presents the results of a series of investigations and expert analyses relating to land-based sources of pollution and other activities that cause the degradation of the coastal and marine environment in the West Indian Ocean (WIO). More specifically, it identifies those elements that may induce impacts beyond national boundaries or that are problems common to several countries of the region. Collectively, this represents a Transboundary Analysis (TDA)||a decision support tool intended to inform countries in the WIO region with regard to priority issues and problems to be addressed within the context of immediate and long-term sustainable management of the WIO coastal and marine ecosystems. In this regard, the TDA forms the basis for the development of a comprehensive Strategic Action Programme (SAP) for addressing landbased sources and activities.


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2009
Reports and Books
The dryland livestock wildlife environment interface project
United Nations Environment Programme

This project addresses one of the eligible activities within the GEF Operation Programme on the dryland livestock wildlife environment Interface Project.


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2009
Reports and Books
City of Nairobi Environment Outlook
United Nations Environment Programme and the United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (UN-HABITAT) and the Government of Kenya

A 'City Development Strategy using a bottom-up approach' to guide the planning of Nairobi is urgently needed to ensure that the Kenyan capital develops on an environmentally-friendly and sustainable path. The central recommendation is made in a landmark draft report issued today. It has been compiled by the Nairobi City Council in collaboration with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (UN-HABITAT). The City of Nairobi Environment Outlook provides the first comprehensive snapshot of the state of Nairobi at the turn of the century. It is also accompanied by a series of wide-ranging recommendations on how to boost the quality of urban life for the Kenyan capital's close to three million residents.


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2009
Reports and Books
Regional Synthesis Report on the Status of Pollution in the Western Indian Ocean Region
United Nations Environment Programme, the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association (WIOMSA)

The focus of this report is on land-based sources of marine pollution, typically addressed under the UNEP Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities (GPA) and the Nairobi Convention. It does not deal with sea-based sources of marine pollution (e.g. maritime transportation and offshore dumping of waste), which are typically dealt with under other international conventions.


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2009
Reports and Books
A Regional Overview & Assessment of Marine Litter Related Activities in the Western Indian Ocean Region
United Nations Environment Programme, Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association (WIOMSA)

The study aims to collate existing information about marine litter in the Region and use it to determine whether or not there is a need to be concerned, and to recommend a way forward.


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2007
Reports and Books
Changes in forest cover in Kenya's five water towers 2003 - 2005
Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing (DRSRS), Kenya Forests Working Group (KFWG), Royal Netherlands Embassy

This report is the second volume of a series of biennial assessments of major forest cover changes in Kenya's five main forest areas, namely Mt. Kenya, the Aberdare Range, the Mau Complex, Mt. Elgon and the Cherangani Hills. The first report covered the period 2000-2003. This second report covers the period 2003-2005. Based on satellite imagery (Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper) with a resolution of 30 metres, the analysis of changes enables the detection of major forest cover changes, in particular encroachment. Such analysis, undertaken every two years, aim at providing all concerned stakeholders with an early warning system that will enable them: 1) to identify threatened forest areas in time||and, 2) to prioritize their interventions in these areas to reverse detrimental forest cover changes. The findings are mapped and overlaid with the constituency and district boundaries. Main findings of this report include: In terms of acreage, destruction of indigenous forest increased from 6,032 hectares during the 2000-2003 period to 9,334 hectares in the 2003-2005 monitoring period||All detected destruction of indigenous forests between 2003 and 2005 took place in the Mau Complex , in particular in four forest blocks, namely Maasai Mau forest (trust forest), Eastern Mau Forest Reserve, South West Mau Forest Reserve and Mt. Londiani Forest Reserve||The forests of Mt. Kenya are further improving, with some 2,147 of forests regenerating||There was much cloud cover in the 2003 satellite image, affecting the analysis of change in the Aberdare Range forests between 2000 and 2003. However, the analysis of the satellite images of 2000 and 2005 showed that there were no sites showing significant changes during that five year period||In the Cherangani Hills, there were no sites showing significant changes between 2003 and 2005. The same applies for Mt. Elgon.


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2006