Tagged on: Kenya

Reports and Books
Economic Analysis of mangrove forests: a case study in Gazi Bay, Kenya
United Nations Environment Programme

This study was undertaken as part of UNEP efforts of promoting forests as a significant green economy asset for Kenya. Forests should be taken into account when calculating the national accounts because the global rush for land and the increasing demand for agricultural products and urban infrastructure continue to intensify the pressure on tropical and coastal forests. The fact that forests provide goods and services which currently have no valued assigned to in economic markets exacerbates the deforestation and land conversion.


Download: English
2011
Reports and Books
Environmental, social and economic assessment of the fencing of the Aberdare Conservation Area
The Kenya Wildlife Service, Kenya Forest Service, Kenya Forests Working Group, United Nations Environment Programme, Rhino Ark

This study was carried out to assess the environmental, social and economic effects of the electrified fence around the Aberdare Conservation Area – a length of fence of nearly 400 km. The construction of the fence took nearly twenty years of planning, fund raising and mobilization of government, donor, private partners and adjacent communities’ resources.


Download: English
2011
Reports and Books
Environmental, social and economic assessment of the fencing of the Aberdare Conservation Area - Executive Summary
The Kenya Wildlife Service, Kenya Forest Service, Kenya Forests Working Group, United Nations Environment Programme, Rhino Ark

This study was carried out to assess the environmental, social and economic effects of the electrified fence around the Aberdare Conservation Area – a length of fence of nearly 400 km. The construction of the fence took nearly twenty years of planning, fund raising and mobilization of government, donor, private partners and adjacent communities’ resources.


Download: English
2011
Reports and Books
Green hills, blue cities: an ecosystems approach to water resources management for African cities
United Nations Environment Programme

Africa is currently the least urbanised region in the world, but this is changing fast. Of the billion people living on the African continent, about 40 per cent lives in urban areas. The urban population in Africa doubled from 205 million in 1990 to 400 million in 2010, and by 2050, it is expected that this would have tripled to 1.23 billion. Of this urban population, 60 per cent is living in slum conditions. In a time of such urban growth, Africa is likely to experience some of the most severe impacts of climate change, particularly when it comes to water and food security. This places huge pressures on the growing urban populations.


Download: English
2011
Reports and Books
Assessment of Energy, Water and Waste Reduction Options for the proposed AMISOM HQ Camp in Mogadishu, Somalia and the Support Base in Mombasa, Kenya
United Nations Environment Programme

UNEP undertook a preliminary assessment of the resource-demand and operating practices of two proposed African Union Mission to Somalia (AMISOM) camps, in Mogadishu (HQ Camp), Somalia and Mombasa, Kenya (Support Base) in June 2009.The assessment compared the existing design parameters and operational specifications for each site and screened 132 potential resource efficiency measures that could be applied to achieve a reduction in energy and water consumption as well as waste production and disposal. Each option was ranked using a traffic light system according to practicality, technical robustness and financial implications. This ranking of potential resource efficiency measures was designed as an initial input to the DFS/UNSOA engineering team for further consideration and costing during the elaboration and finalization of the designs and subsequent procurement process. This report summarizes the outcomes of this assessment and provides a set of immediate, medium and long-term recommendations to DPKO and DFS for reducing energy, water and waste footprints at the two sites considered as well as in the design of future camps in other countries.


Download: English
2010
Reports and Books
Regional Report on River-coast Interactions in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) region
United Nations Environment Programme, the African Centre for Water Research (ACWR), Western Indian Ocean Marine Sciences Association (WIOMSA)

This report presents an assessment of hydrological and land use  characteristics affecting  river‐coast interactions in the West Indian Ocean region. One of the key areas of concern for  the WIO region relates to the interaction between river basins and the coastal and marine  environment.  The report  provides  an  overview  of the  characteristics  of the main rivers  flowing into the South‐West Indian Ocean, from Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, South Africa  and Madagascar incorporating hydrology, land use and environmental issues. 


Download: English
2009
Reports and Books
The Strategic Action Programme (SAP) for the Protection of the Western Indian Ocean from Land-Based Sources and Activities
United Nations Environment Programme

The Strategic Action Programme for the protection of the coastal and marine environment of the Western Indian Ocean from Land-based sources and activities (SAP) has been completed at a time when it is most needed. The SAP will in particular help the governments in the WIO region to jointly or individually deal with the challenges associated with the increasing demand for coastal and marine resources and the consequent destruction and degradation of critical habitats, changes in freshwater flow and sediments loads, as well as challenges resulting from global climate change. Decision-makers, administrators, planners, resource managers and scientists, will in particularly find this document valuable in the conception, formulation and implementation of specific projects aimed at enhancing the protection of the coastal and marine environment


Download: English, French
2009
Reports and Books
Guidelines for the Establishment of Environmental Quality Objectives and Targets in the Coastal Zone of the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) Region
United Nations Environment Programme, the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)

This report describes the main ecotones of the WIO region and reviews the pressures on these ecosystems, with emphasis on those arising from land-based activities. The sensitivity of these ecotones and key species which inhibit them is assessed from available literature. This is done with a view to prepare EQO/Ts for the coastal zone of the WIO region.


Download: english
2009
Reports and Books
Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis of Land-based Sources and Activities in the Western Indian Ocean Region.
United Nations Environment Programme, Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association

This document presents the results of a series of investigations and expert analyses relating to land-based sources of pollution and other activities that cause the degradation of the coastal and marine environment in the West Indian Ocean (WIO). More specifically, it identifies those elements that may induce impacts beyond national boundaries or that are problems common to several countries of the region. Collectively, this represents a Transboundary Analysis (TDA)||a decision support tool intended to inform countries in the WIO region with regard to priority issues and problems to be addressed within the context of immediate and long-term sustainable management of the WIO coastal and marine ecosystems. In this regard, the TDA forms the basis for the development of a comprehensive Strategic Action Programme (SAP) for addressing landbased sources and activities.


Download: English, French
2009
Reports and Books
City of Nairobi Environment Outlook
United Nations Environment Programme and the United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (UN-HABITAT) and the Government of Kenya

A 'City Development Strategy using a bottom-up approach' to guide the planning of Nairobi is urgently needed to ensure that the Kenyan capital develops on an environmentally-friendly and sustainable path. The central recommendation is made in a landmark draft report issued today. It has been compiled by the Nairobi City Council in collaboration with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (UN-HABITAT). The City of Nairobi Environment Outlook provides the first comprehensive snapshot of the state of Nairobi at the turn of the century. It is also accompanied by a series of wide-ranging recommendations on how to boost the quality of urban life for the Kenyan capital's close to three million residents.


Download: English
2009