Tagged on: Indonesia

Report of the First meeting of the Co-ordination Body on the Seas of East Asia
United Nations Environment Programme

On the initiative of States of the region, the Governing Council of the United Nations Environment Programme in 1977 decoded that "steps are urgently needed to formulate and establish a scientific programme involving research, prevention and control of marine pollution and monitoring" for a regional seas programme in Asia. This decision was followed up by a series of preparatory projects and various meetings leading to the development and adoption of a regional action plan.


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1982
Reports and Books
Smoke on Water: Countering Global Threats from Peatland Loss and Degradation - A Rapid Response Assessment. Revised Edition
United Nations Environment Programme, GRID-Arendal

More than 180 countries have peatlands but we are only just starting to understand their role in both climate change and our efforts to curb it. Peatlands cover less than three percent of the Earth’s surface but are the largest terrestrial organic carbon stock – storing twice as much carbon as in the world’s forests. In fact, greenhouse gas emissions from drained or burned peatlands account for five percent of the global carbon budget. This first report from the Global Peatlands Initiative highlights why the threat to peatlands from agriculture, forestry, resource extraction and infrastructure development is a threat to the climate.


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Reports and Books
Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries: Contributions to Reducing Global Emissions
The 1 Gigaton Coalition

A year ago, world leaders agreed to restrict global warming to 2°C above pre-industrial levels by the end of this century. Yet the latest Emissions Gap Report from UN Environment predicts that we are actually heading for global warming of up to 3.4°C, even with the pledges made in the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. However, it also predicts that cutting greenhouse gas emissions by another quarter could put us on track for that 2°C promise. This second report from the 1 Gigaton Coalition supports those findings by showing how investing in clean energy for developing countries can help close the emissions gap and create sustainable profitable business opportunities.


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Reports and Books
A Framework for Freshwater Ecosystem Management Volume 3: Case Studies
United Nations Environment Programme

This volume illustrates various case studies from around the world, detailing how steps from the Framework for Freshwater Ecosystem Management have been incorporated in freshwater ecosystem initiatives. It is intended to be a ‘living document’ that may be updated with new case studies.


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Reports and Books
Asean Heritage Parks and Reserves
ASEAN Senior Officials on the Environment

the Second ASEAN Ministerial Meeting in Bangkok, on 29 November 1984, issued the important Declaration on Heritage Parks and Reserves which created the first group of 11 Heritage Sites described in this book.


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Reports and Books
A Suggested National Soils Policy for Indonesia
United Nations Environment Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Soils are a basic natural and almost non-renewable resource, the use of which should be governed by two major principles: - soil losses and degradation must be avoided, and, - soils must be used to their maximum potential for human benefits, but within the limits of environmental soundness and of sustainability. Therefore a national soils policy should constitute a set of guidelines that aim to ensure and promote maximum utilization of soils on a sustained basis, without lowering productivity or causing direct or indirect damage to the environment. A national soils policy has four basic aspects, addressing respectively technical, socio-economic, institutional and legal elements. Indonesia covers almost 2 million km 2 , with a wide range of soils, agroclimates and resultant land-use types. About 30% of the total land surface - 60 million ha - is considered suitable for agricultural production, and half of that is already under cultivation.


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Reports and Books
Lower-GWP Alternatives in Commercial and Transport Refrigeration: An Expanded Compilation of Propane, CO2, Ammonia and HFO Case Studies
United Nations Environment Programme

The present publication comprises an expanded and updated compilation of case studies on lower-GWP energy efficient alternatives and technologies in the commercial refrigeration as well as the transport refrigeration sectors. It provides a number of new commercial refrigeration case studies as well as case studies from the transport refrigeration sector, including alternatives not previously considered in the first volume, to provide better geographical spread and present a more comprehensive overview of lower-GWP alternatives adopted.


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Reports and Books
Regional Study on Mercury Waste Management in the ASEAN Countries
United Nations Environment Programme

This report provides information on the current state of the mercury waste management systems in each ASEAN Member State (AMS) jurisdiction, which includes the regulatory framework, institutional framework, mercury waste management infrastructure and operations, as well as the information and control elements. In addition, it also provides information on the mercury management practices for selected activities, inventories of mercury and mercury waste, and AMS’ input on the challenges, needs and opportunities implementing the environmentally sound management (ESM) of mercury waste in the region.


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Reports and Books
Financing the Transition: How Financial System Reform Can Serve Sustainable Development
United Nations Environment Programme

This report is focused on understanding how the growing number of policy and regulatory measures taken in the financial system can support a real economy in transition, seeking to answer the question: ‘what measures are most needed to deliver efficiency, effectiveness and resilience in ways that the financial system can contribute to specific sustainability priorities in the real economy?’ To answer this question, we have examined a subset of actions in 10 countries that are focused on the three interlocking challenges
of energy, climate change and land-use.


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Reports and Books
Instruments of Change: Motivating and Financing Sustainable Development
United Nations Environment Programme

This book is an eloquent expression of how market based instruments can indeed contribute to protecting the natural environment and thereby achieving sustainable development. Instruments of Change examines the use of incentive systems and improved institutional arrangements to protect the environment and conserve natural resources, as a means towards sustainable development.


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