Tagged on: Indonesia

Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2007 Update
Asian Development Bank

Developing Asia's prodigious growth continued through the first half of 2007, setting the scene for another bumper year. The region is now expected to expand by 8.3. But this Asian Development Outlook 2007 Update cautions that the prognosis for 2008 is now hazy. Although growth in 2008 is seen slowing gently to 8.2%, the likelihood of a more abrupt deceleration is increasing. Exceptional performance in both the People's Republic of China (PRC) and India is again propelling growth in the region. In the first half of 2007, the PRC grew faster than at any time since 1994 and India, building on its best rate in 18 years in the year to March 2007, registered strong growth in April-June this year. Beyond the gyrations in the global economy, the Update stresses that developing Asia's growth prospects will continue to depend on how well it copes with its own domestic challenges. It is now much better placed to cope with adverse external developments, with its stout financial defenses and some room for policy adjustment. The Update looks at the dynamics of export performance in East Asia. It suggests that supply-side factors-including the quality of infrastructure and the business investment climate-play an important role export performance and that external demand remains an important driver of trade in parts and components. The role of the real exchange rate has changed overtime, as composition of exports has changed.


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2007
Reports and Books
The last stand of the orangutan, state of emergency: illegal logging, fire and palm oil in Indonesia's national parks
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization

The orangutans share their habitat with a wild range of other threatened and ecologically important species including the Sumatran tiger, Sumatran rhinoceros and Asian elephant. UNEP and the UN Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) have launched the Great Apes Survival Project (GRASP) in response to growing concern over the plight of the orangutan, chimpanzee, bonobo and gorilla.


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2007
Reports and Books
Third ASEAN State of the Environment Report
Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)

The ASEAN region faces several challenges in protecting the environment and ensuring the sustainability of its natural resources. The ASEAN State of the Environment Reports highlight key characteristics and developments concerning the condition of the environment. These include what ASEAN is doing to address the challenges at the national and regional level. An ASEAN Community is envisioned by the year 2020. Therefore, this report has paid special attention to our community building efforts toward an environmentally sustainable ASEAN Community. The Vientiane Action Programme 2004–2010, the current roadmap, demonstrates our commitment through concrete measures and milestones to achieve this goal. The environmental programmes and measures in the VAP are situated within the context of sustainable development to ensure full integration and mutually supportive development of the various inter-related sectors.


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2006
Reports and Books
Sustainable use of natural resources in the context of trade liberalization and export growth in Indonesia - a study on the use of economic instruments in the pulp and paper industry
United Nations Environment Programme, State Ministry for the Environment, Republic of Indonesia

This study identifies and reviews existing environmental policies in the Indonesian pulp and paper industry. It offers a detailed assessment of existing market-based incentives, and proposes an effluent charge to abate pollution in the pulp and paper industry. The aim of this publication is to promote the use of economic instruments for environmental protection, by providing in-depth analysis, a comprehensive assessment, and a best practice for the utilization of economic instruments for others wishing to introduce economic instruments.


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2005
Reports and Books
Asian Environment Outlook 2005: Making Profits, Protecting Our Planet: Corporate Responsibility for Environmental Performance in Asia and the Pacific
Asian Development Bank

This book is the second in the Asian Environment Outlook (AEO) series published by ADB. It centers on the critical missing ingredient in the pursuit of a sustainable future for Asia and the Pacific-that of a fully engaged private sector. AEO 2005 highlights the private sector's role in solving the unprecedented environmental strains facing our region and examines the emerging global pressures-and opportunities-for improved environmental performance. It provides insights and advice on how governments, economic and environmental authorities, and others in the development community can collaborate with the private sector to balance regulatory control with market instruments, help create new business opportunities, and achieve sustainable development.


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2005
Reports and Books
Integrated assessment of trade liberalization in the rice sector: a country case study on the Indonesian rice sector
United Nations Environment Programme

This study is an integrated assessment of the economic, social and environmental impacts of the WTO, AoA and other trade-related policies on the rice sector, and it makes use of a variety of methodologies, including and Input-Output table to determine the backward and forward industry linkages, different valuations of environmental, social and economic costs and benefits.


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2005
Reports and Books
After the Tsunami: rapid environmental assessment
United Nations Environment Programme

This report is the product of close cooperation between UNEP and national environmental authorities and experts. It provides a preliminary ground-level look at the tsunami's impact on various sectors of the regions environment. It highlights problems in need of immediate attention, underscoring the strong link between environment and sustainable livelihood and the need for improved early warning and disaster preparedness systems.


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2005
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2004 Update
Asian Development Bank

Developing Asia and the Pacific will grow at 7.0% in 2004, outperforming ADO 2004 forecast of 6.8%. Rebounding exports and buoyant intraregional trade boosted growth, says the ADO 2004 Update. For 2005, as external demand levels off and high oil prices filter through domestic demand, growth forecast is scaled back to 6.2%, from the 6.7% forecast in April. This issue of the Update also assesses different scenarios relating to the short-term impacts of a PRC slowdown and sustained high oil prices on the region.


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2004
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2004: Foreign Direct Investment in Developing Asia
Asian Development Bank

The annual Asian Development Outlook provides a comprehensive economic analysis of 41 economies in developing Asia and the Pacific. On the basis of the Asian Development Bank's unique knowledge of the region, this 16th edition overviews aggregate trends and medium-term prospects by subregion–East Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, Central Asia, and the Pacific–in the context of global economic movements. The region's developing economies generally showed remarkable resilience in 2003. Despite the uncertainties generated by the Iraq conflict, high oil prices, the outbreak of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic, and a slow recovery in major industrial countries during the first half of the year, economic growth reached 6.3% in 2003, making it the most dynamic region in the world. Intraregional trade and strong consumer demand will define the outlook for developing Asia in 2004-2005. The stronger outlook for industrial countries over that period will provide a cushion against a possible slowing of surging exports to the People's Republic of China. It will also soften the impact of fiscal consolidation measures that need to be taken in some regional economies. The Asian Development Outlook 2004 includes a chapter on foreign direct investment (FDI) in developing Asia. It argues that, based on a study of a diverse group of developing Asian countries with large or rapidly rising inflows of FDI, the international benefits of FDI are, in fact, highly variable but not necessarily cost-free. The magnitude and productivity of capital flows are dependent on the establishment of an enabling, business-friendly commercial environment, consistent with national development objectives. In this context, a useful paradigm is the \"three i's\"–incentives, institutions, and infrastructure.


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2004
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2003 Update
Asian Development Bank

The analyses of macroeconomic trends, policy developments, and short-term forecasts for the developing member countries of the Asian Development Bank presented in the Asian Development Outlook 2003 (ADO 2003) published in April 2003 are reviewed in this Update. Despite significant economic shocks linked to the conflict in Iraq, higher oil prices, and the outbreak of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic, growth in the Asia and Pacific region continued to be robust during the first three quarters of 2003. This achievement is remarkable as it occurred despite a weaker than expected recovery in the major industrial countries in the first half of 2003. Hence, the projection for aggregate gross domestic product (GDP) growth for 2003 is unchanged compared to that made in ADO 2003, and the GDP forecast for 2004 has now been revised upward.


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2003