Tagged on: China

Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2004 Update
Asian Development Bank

Developing Asia and the Pacific will grow at 7.0% in 2004, outperforming ADO 2004 forecast of 6.8%. Rebounding exports and buoyant intraregional trade boosted growth, says the ADO 2004 Update. For 2005, as external demand levels off and high oil prices filter through domestic demand, growth forecast is scaled back to 6.2%, from the 6.7% forecast in April. This issue of the Update also assesses different scenarios relating to the short-term impacts of a PRC slowdown and sustained high oil prices on the region.


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2004
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2003 Update
Asian Development Bank

The analyses of macroeconomic trends, policy developments, and short-term forecasts for the developing member countries of the Asian Development Bank presented in the Asian Development Outlook 2003 (ADO 2003) published in April 2003 are reviewed in this Update. Despite significant economic shocks linked to the conflict in Iraq, higher oil prices, and the outbreak of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic, growth in the Asia and Pacific region continued to be robust during the first three quarters of 2003. This achievement is remarkable as it occurred despite a weaker than expected recovery in the major industrial countries in the first half of 2003. Hence, the projection for aggregate gross domestic product (GDP) growth for 2003 is unchanged compared to that made in ADO 2003, and the GDP forecast for 2004 has now been revised upward.


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2003
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2002 Update
Asian Development Bank

The 2002-2003 economic outlook for developing Asia and the Pacific has not changed significantly since the Asian Development Outlook 2002 was published in April 2002. However, East Asia, Southeast Asia, and Central Asia had a stronger than expected performance in the first half of 2002, while South Asia and the Pacific had weaker than expected performance. The Asian Development Outlook 2002 Update features: an assessment of recent global economic trends and the recent performance and prospects of developing Asia and the Pacific macroeconomic assessments, policy developments and economic outlook for the five subregions of developing Asia and the Pacific


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2002
Manuals and Guides
Tracking progress: implementing sustainable consumption policies
United Nations Environment Programme

This publication describes the implementation of the United Nations Guidelines for Consumer Protection, Sustainable Consumption section. The report contains an overview of activities in over 50 countries and 8 national case studies (Australia, Brazil, Chile, China, Germany, Japan, Mauritius and Senegal).


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2002
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2002: Preferential Trade Agreements in Asia and the Pacific
Asian Development Bank

This 14th edition of the Asian Development Outlook provides a comprehensive analysis of 41 economies in Asia and the Pacific, based on the Asian Development Bank's in-depth knowledge of the region. For the first time, the Outlook includes a section on Afghanistan. It also provides a broad diagnosis of macroeconomic conditions and growth prospects as they relate to progress in poverty reduction in the economies of the region. Economic growth in developing Asia and the Pacific slowed markedly in 2001 after a strong performance in 1999 and 2000. This is mainly on account of a sharp erosion of external demand as industrial economies experienced recession or very slow growth. There are, however, several exceptions to the general trend with a number of economies, notably the People's Republic of China, maintaining relatively high growth. In some economies, domestic demand, responding to expansionary policy, emerged as a more important source of growth. The outlook for 2002 and 2003 is for renewed optimism. The Outlook includes a special chapter reviewing preferential trade agreements, with particular reference to Asia and the Pacific. As international trade grew rapidly in the 1990s, so did the number of such agreements, especially in the region. The chapter analyzes the impact of such agreements, in the context of the multilateral trade negotiations being carried out under the auspices of the World Trade Organization.


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2002
Reports and Books
Transport and the global environment: accounting for GHG reductions in policy analysis
Halsnaes, K., Markandya, A., Sathaye, J.

This publication is an analytical structure for examining environmental aspect of transport choices. It defines key economic and environmental concepts used in good policy analysis||and gives information on technologies, environmental impacts, and cost effectiveness of various policy options.


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2002
Reports and Books
Integrated assessment of trade liberalization and trade-related policies: a country study on the cotton sector in China
United Nations Environment Programme

In China, the specific policy studied is that of import liberalization rather than export expansion. The study examines the impact of tariff-rate quotas (TRQs) on the production and import of selected agricultural products. The environmental, social and economic effects are largely imputed through changes in production and consumption structures.


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2002
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2001: Asia's Globalization Challenge
Asian Development Bank

Notwithstanding the less hospitable external environment, the Asian Development Outlook (ADO) 2001 is cautiously optimistic that the prospects for the Asian and Pacific region remain moderate and will improve by 2002. However, there are significant challenges that the region has to address including taking appropriate policies maintain stable macroeconomy promote prudent financial policies adopt sound regulatory practices There are also significant downside risks in the near-term outlook if the global slowdown persists.


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2001
Annual Reports
Asian Environment Outlook
Asian Development Bank

The people of Asia and the Pacific are paying a heavy toll for the region's environmental degradation in human health and economic terms. But the environmental decline can be stopped. The Asian Environment Outlook 2001 (AEO) provides the blueprint for doing that. This report: provides in-depth policy analyses of salient environmental issues common to many of ADB's developing member countries (DMCs) presents the results of analyses of past economic development policies and their impacts on the environment provides a set of entry points as a framework to improve the environmental performance and help reduce poverty in the Asia and Pacific region recommends specific actions to policymakers for achieving environmentally sustainable development provides insight into the state of the environment in the Asia and Pacific region: rapid environmental degradation, associated poverty issues, and lack of political will to remedy environmental issues are of continuing serious concern describes a situation of: continuing environmental degradation unhealthy air and water condition escalating demands for energy and other resource inputs increasing certainty that climate change and other global environmental problems will have substantial negative impacts upon the region examines the driving forces that underlie this pattern of environmental decline identifies opportunities within the region to shift the trajectory of economic development to a pathway that is more environmentally sustainable


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2001
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2001 Update
Asian Development Bank

The Asian Development Outlook 2001 Update examines the economic effects of the terror attacks on the United States and its aftermath on developing Asia and the Pacific economies. The 2001 Update: appraises the global economic slowdown, particularly the ICT cyclical downturn in the US that has broadened to other sectors, and describes how it has deepened into a general demand-driven cyclical slowdown, and affected Europe and Japan. carries an extensive analysis of recent economic developments in five Asia and Pacific subregions and 14 developing member countries. highlights the region's macroeconomic fundamentals relative to other regions in the world, which should ride out the global economic slowdown.


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2001