Tagged on: China

Annual Reports
Asian Development Bank Sustainability Report 2009
Asian Development Bank

The second Sustainability Report of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) makes information readily available on its continued work on promoting environmentally sustainable and socially inclusive growth, and minimizing our corporate environment footprint. This update of ADB's first Sustainability Report, published in 2007, provides information about and data on our operations and Strategy 2020, ADB's new long-term strategic framework. It focuses on our work to improve environmental management, including climate change, social development, and governance


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2009
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2009 Update: Broadening Openness for a Resilient Asia
Asian Development Bank

Developing Asia as a whole is proving to be more resilient to the global economic slowdown than was expected when Asian Development Outlook 2009 (ADO 2009) was published in March this year. Consequently, this Update sees somewhat stronger growth for both this year and next than was earlier forecast.


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2009
Reports and Books
Khaidarkan mercury: addressing primary mercury mining in Kyrgyzstan
United Nations Environment Programme

This overview document outlines the situation regarding the world’s last known exporting mercury mine at Khaidarkan in southern Kyrgyzstan. For the past two years, significant efforts have been taking place at the international level to assist the Government of Kyrgyzstan and national and local stakeholders to consider options regarding the future of the mine and its associated infrastructure.


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2009
Manuals, Guides and Toolkits
Port Reception Facilities in the NOWPAP Region
United Nations Environment Programme

These guidelines were designed to assist local organizations, local governments and NOWPAP member states by providing information on port collection facilities as submitted by the member states or collected from the International Maritime Organization's Global Integrated Shipping Information System (GISIS).


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2009
Report of 7th NOWPAP DINRAC Focal Points Meeting
Data and Information Network Regional Activity Centre (DINRAC), United Nations Environment Programme
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2008
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2008 Update
Asian Development Bank

The annual Asian Development Outlook aims to present an analysis of the recent past and forecasts for the next couple of years for the developing economies of Asia. In this Update to April's publication, regional economic growth for 2008 is taken down marginally to 7.5%, largely on unstable financial markets and elevated commodity prices. Regional growth in 2009 is expected to further decelerate to 7.2%. Inflation forecasts are revised up—reflecting rising global prices of food and fuel and earlier loose monetary policy—to 7.8% in 2008 and to 6.0% in 2009. The Update presents four thematic chapters discussing recent global commodity price rises and their impacts on developing Asia. They suggest that high international commodity prices are here to stay. But, given that demand-pull rather than cost-push factors are causing high prices, the role of monetary policy is still relevant in containing price pressures. Indeed, there has to be a reshifting of the basic monetary stance toward tightening throughout developing Asia, to prevent inflation from becoming entrenched.


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2008
Reports and Books
China Ecosystem Services and Poverty Alleviation Situation Analysis and Research Strategy Final Report
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC)

In 2008 UNEP-WCMC produced a report with a consortium of Chinese and international partners on research needs for reducing poverty through better ecosystem management in China. This work was for DFID, NERC and ESRC of the UK government, as a contribution to their design of a proposed international research programme on ecosystem services for poverty alleviation. The China ESPA report identified that China's great progress in poverty reduction has slowed, as the remaining poor tend to be found in environments of low productivity or high risk of ecosystem degradation, such as mountains, grasslands and deserts. The government of China is investing heavily in poverty reduction and environmental management, with opportunities for improving the synergies between these activities. Research needs include better understanding of ecosystem functioning for multiple services, and development of methods to analyse policies and projects for both poverty reduction and supply of ecosystem services. The aims of this China study were to conduct a situation analysis on the knowledge of China's ecosystem services and their importance to the poor, identify and address challenges to the sustainable management of ecosystems for poverty alleviation, and propose a research strategy to inform the design of a five-year, multi-disciplinary ESPA research programme. Whilst the study is designed to meet the needs of the ESPA Programme its results can also contribute to ecosystem management and poverty alleviation research and policies in China.


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2008
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2008: Workers in Asia
Asian Development Bank

The annual Asian Development Outlook provides a comprehensive economic analysis of 44 economies in developing Asia and the Pacific. This 20th anniversary edition examines trends and prospects in Central Asia, East Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific. Developing Asia's performance in 2007 broke records in almost two decades. Aggregate gross domestic product grew at 8.7%, on supportive global economic conditions, a largely favorable policy environment, and productivity gains as the region continued its remarkable modernization and transformation. Conditions in the global economy now look distinctly unsteady with the United States, Japan, and Europe set for a synchronized slowdown this year. Still, developing Asia will not be hostage to the global slowdown, even if it cannot remain immune to it, and its growth this year and next should be only a little below longer-run trends. But with commodity prices soaring and despite government price restraints, inflation is accelerating and is likely to hit decade-long highs. Rising inflation expectations are a more immediate threat to developing Asia than the prospect of a moderate slowdown in growth. This year's theme on workers in developing Asia spotlights three issues. Will the region reap the demographic advantages of its many young people about to enter the workforce? Can it resolve its silent crisis in terms of its skills shortages? Third, with migration burgeoning within the region, will policies move to keep up with the reality on the ground?


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2008
Reports and Books
Environment on the edge 2007-08
United Nations Environment Programme

Environment on the edge is a series of lectures given by leading international figures that examine our current relationship with the natural world and discuss what tomorrow might bring.


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2007
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2007 Update
Asian Development Bank

Developing Asia's prodigious growth continued through the first half of 2007, setting the scene for another bumper year. The region is now expected to expand by 8.3. But this Asian Development Outlook 2007 Update cautions that the prognosis for 2008 is now hazy. Although growth in 2008 is seen slowing gently to 8.2%, the likelihood of a more abrupt deceleration is increasing. Exceptional performance in both the People's Republic of China (PRC) and India is again propelling growth in the region. In the first half of 2007, the PRC grew faster than at any time since 1994 and India, building on its best rate in 18 years in the year to March 2007, registered strong growth in April-June this year. Beyond the gyrations in the global economy, the Update stresses that developing Asia's growth prospects will continue to depend on how well it copes with its own domestic challenges. It is now much better placed to cope with adverse external developments, with its stout financial defenses and some room for policy adjustment. The Update looks at the dynamics of export performance in East Asia. It suggests that supply-side factors-including the quality of infrastructure and the business investment climate-play an important role export performance and that external demand remains an important driver of trade in parts and components. The role of the real exchange rate has changed overtime, as composition of exports has changed.


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2007