Tagged on: China

Summaries
Decoupling natural resource use and environmental impacts from economic growth [Summary]
United Nations Environment Programme

By 2050, humanity could devour an estimated 140 billion tons of minerals, ores, fossil fuels and biomass per year – three times its current appetite – unless the economic growth rate is “decoupled” from the rate of natural resource consumption. Developed countries citizens consume an average of 16 tons of those four key resources per capita (ranging up to 40 or more tons per person in some developed countries). By comparison, the average person in India today consumes four tons per year. With the growth of both population and prosperity, especially in developing countries, the prospect of much higher resource consumption levels is “far beyond what is likely sustainable” if realized at all given finite world resources, warns this report by UNEP’s International Resource Panel. Already the world is running out of cheap and high quality sources of some essential materials such as oil, copper and gold, the supplies of which, in turn, require ever-rising volumes of fossil fuels and freshwater to produce. Improving the rate of resource productivity (“doing more with less”) faster than the economic growth rate is the notion behind “decoupling,” the panel says. That goal, however, demands an urgent rethink of the links between resource use and economic prosperity, buttressed by a massive investment in technological, financial and social innovation, to at least freeze per capita consumption in wealthy countries and help developing nations follow a more sustainable path.


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2011
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2011: South-South Economic Links
Asian Development Bank

The annual Asian Development Outlook provides a comprehensive analysis of economic performance for the past year and offers forecasts for the next 2 years for the 45 Asian economies that make up developing Asia. The Asian Development Outlook 2011 emphasizes two important challenges that developing Asia must resolve to sustain the inclusive growth that is needed to eliminate poverty in the region. The immediate problem is tackling rising consumer price pressures. Inflation's insidious effects call for preemptive action to contain it before it begins to accelerate. The poor are the most vulnerable, particularly from rising food prices.


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2011
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2011 Update: Preparing for Demographic Transition
Asian Development Bank

The annual Asian Development Outlook, generally launched in April, presents an analysis of developing Asia's recent economic performance plus its prospects for the next two years. This Update shows whether these forecasts were met, explaining divergence between forecasts and the actual outturn, and firms the forecasts for the next 18 months or so. Asian Development Outlook 2011 Update: A Look at Aging Asia The Update expects developing Asia to sustain its robust growth over the next 2 years, despite the tepid outlook for the United States, the eurozone, and Japan. The region will be buttressed by healthy domestic demand and buoyant intraregional trade. Managing inflation has to be a key focus for policy makers, to allow for inclusive growth. Such growth includes the elderly, who are all too often left behind as Asia's traditional family networks weaken. As the elderly will form an ever-larger share of the regions population over the next few decades, states will have to ensure their economic security—and meet the wider economic implications for society.


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2011
Annual Reports
Asian Development Bank Sustainability Report
Asian Development Bank

The third Sustainability Report of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) provides, in a readily available format, information about our continued work on promoting environmentally sustainable and inclusive growth, and on reducing our corporate footprint. To facilitate comparability, the structure of this third reports is similar to that of the first two, which were issued in 2007 and 2009. The contents are presented in three main sections: Part 1 provides the background of the organization||- its mandate and structures in line with Strategy 2020, ADB's long-term strategic framework. Part 2 features ADB's work on important aspects of sustainable development in Asia and the Pacific, including the environment, social development and governance. Part 3 provides updates on ADB's work to reduce its corporate footprint. The report responds to and presents information in accordance to the Global Reporting Initiative's G3 indicators. The appendix links the G3 indicators with the text of the report and other pertinent sources.


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2011
Reports and Books
Environment Program: Greening Growth in Asia and the Pacific
Asian Development Bank

This publication presents a snapshot of the Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) environmental strategies, programs, initiatives, partnerships, and a range of activities that demonstrate ADB’s commitment to support environmentally sustainable growth in Asia and the Pacific—a strategic agenda of ADB’s Strategy 2020. The report highlights innovations designed in selected ADB-supported projects with environmental sustainability as a theme that were approved in 2008–2010. It also discusses the emerging environmental challenges in the region, and previews ADB’s strategies to strengthen its operational emphasis on the environment, including climate change, that would help realize green growth in Asia and the Pacific.


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2011
Reports and Books
UNEP in China: building back better||UNEP 在中国: 重 建 更 好
United Nations Environment Programme

As the United Nations system's designated entity for addressing environmental issues at the global level, the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) was requested by the Government of the People's Republic of China to lend assistance in the aftermath of the disaster. UNEP immediately engaged in the post-disaster recovery effort, including by coordinating the environmental response to the earthquake through its office in Beijing, which was supported by international experts and technical staff from across the organization. This publication outlines the key achievements of UNEP's engagement in the country from 2008 to 2010, which focused primarily on providing high-level expertise and capacity development for the management of the environmental impacts of the disaster.


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2010
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2010 Update: The Future of Growth in Asia
Asian Development Bank

The Asian Development Outlook 2010 Update provides recent economic forecasts for countries in the region. Since the release of the ADO2010 in April this year, developing Asia's performance has strengthened further. This Update raises the 2010 growth forecast to 8.2% on the back of strong results in the first half of the year.


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2010
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2010: Macroeconomic Management Beyond the Crisis
Asian Development Bank

The annual Asian Development Outlook provides a comprehensive analysis of economic performance for the past year and offers forecasts for the next 2 years for the 45 Asian economies that make up developing Asia. This edition sees developing Asia emerging from the recent crisis and posting a strong recovery in the next 2 years, as a moderate global recovery supports a modest revival in global trade. Investment is expected to remain strong and private consumption is anticipated to improve. Inflation will pick up, but at manageable levels. Beyond the crisis, developing Asia faces the challenge of adjusting its monetary, exchange rate, and fiscal policies to foster macroeconomic stability and sustained growth within the broader direction of a return to prudence and discipline.


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2010
Annual Reports
Asian Development Bank Sustainability Report 2009
Asian Development Bank

The second Sustainability Report of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) makes information readily available on its continued work on promoting environmentally sustainable and socially inclusive growth, and minimizing our corporate environment footprint. This update of ADB's first Sustainability Report, published in 2007, provides information about and data on our operations and Strategy 2020, ADB's new long-term strategic framework. It focuses on our work to improve environmental management, including climate change, social development, and governance


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2009
Reports and Books
Khaidarkan mercury: addressing primary mercury mining in Kyrgyzstan
United Nations Environment Programme

This overview document outlines the situation regarding the world’s last known exporting mercury mine at Khaidarkan in southern Kyrgyzstan. For the past two years, significant efforts have been taking place at the international level to assist the Government of Kyrgyzstan and national and local stakeholders to consider options regarding the future of the mine and its associated infrastructure.


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2009