Tagged on: China

Reports and Books
National Reports on Atmospheric Deposition of Contaminants into the Marine and Coastal Environment in NOWPAP Region - POMRAC Technical Report No. 1
United Nations Environment Programme

This document summarizes current conditions with regards to atmospheric contaminants being discharged into marine and coastal environments in the NOWPAP region.


Download: English
Reports and Books
Port Reception Facilities in the NOWPAP Region - 2nd Edition
United Nations Environment Programme

These guidelines were designed to assist local organizations, local governments and NOWPAP member states by providing information on port collection facilities as submitted by member states or collected from the International Maritime Organization's Global Integrated Shipping Information System (GISIS). The first edition of this report was published in 2009 in PDF version, this second edition provides up-to-date information submitted by member states and collected from the IMO GISIS.


Download: English
Reports and Books
Green Industrial Policy: Concept, Policies, Country Experiences
United Nations Environment Programme

“Green industrial policy: Concept, policies, country Experiences” is a joint publication by UN Environment and the German Development Institute/ Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE). It illustrates how green industrial policy can be a driver for a green economy transformation and highlights the social, environmental and economic co-benefits of green industrial policy. Economic development in the age of industrialization has been achieved at the cost of severe overexploitation of natural resources. Humanity is approaching various ecological tipping points beyond which abrupt and irreversible environmental change at large geographical scale is likely to happen. reen industrial policy instruments can support the transition to economic structures that balance environmental sustainability and wealth creation and help catalyse the needed change towards a sustainable future. The report provides valuable insights and background knowledge for policy-makers and academia and paints a detailed picture of the state of research into green industrial policy. With case studies from China, Morocco, Brazil and Germany, the report illustrates efforts for structural change around the world. A special focus is given to developing countries, because of their need for growth and their high potential for transformation, as they are not yet locked into unsustainable pathways.


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Reports and Books
Combating Desertification in China
United Nations Environment Programme

In 1951, the Advisory Committee on Arid Zone Research was established within UNESCO to organize the first systematic investigations into problems affecting and lands. As time passed, some 200 desert research institutes located in 40 countries collaborated in the production of the 30 large volumes of the UNESCO Arid Zone Research series. The agronomists and soils scientists at work on this project soon began pointing out that large amounts of productive land were being lost to agricultural use through a process they came to call "desertification". Their warnings, however, received comparatively little notice until world attention was caught by a severe drought in the West African Sahel that in the five years from 1968 to 1972 destroyed most of the livestock on the Sahelian pastures and threatened the lives of their human inhabitants.


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A comprehensive review of constraints to improved management of fertilizers in China and mitigation of diffuse water pollution from agriculture
Journal of Agriculture, Ecosystems and the Environment

Complex and inter-related factors explain the excessive use of fertilizer observed in many intensive farming systems in China. This review provides an original and contemporary synthesis of these factors.


Download: ImprovedManagementofFertilizersinChina.pdf
Reports and Books
Air Quality Management and Assessment Capabilities in 20 Major Cities
United Nations Environment Programme, World Health Organization

This report assesses the components required for effective air quality management: the information inputs which are required for decision-making; how these inputs are used and how to measure their comprehensiveness, effectiveness and appropriateness. It is, therefore, an important precursor to developing and improving existing management capabilities.


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Reports and Books
Single-Use Plastics: A Roadmap for Sustainability
United Nations Environment Programme

The benefits of plastic are undeniable. The material is cheap, lightweight and easy to make. These qualities have led to a boom in the production of plastic over the past century. This trend will continue as global plastic production skyrockets over the next 10 to 15 years. We are already unable to cope with the amount of plastic waste we generate, unless we rethink the way we manufacture, use and manage plastics. Ultimately, tackling one of the biggest environmental scourges of our time will require governments to regulate, businesses to innovate and individuals to act.
This paper sets out the latest thinking on how we can achieve this. It looks at what governments, businesses and individuals have achieved at national and sub-national levels to curb the consumption of single-use plastics. It offers lessons that may be useful for policymakers who are considering regulating the production and use of single-use plastics.


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Reports and Books
Marine Litter in the Northwest Pacific Region
United Nations Environment Programme

This publication is intended to provide information for the general public, governments and private sector on the marine litter problem and its solutions in the NOWPAP region. The publication consists of two parts (which were published separately by NOWPAP in 2007):
- Part I: Regional Overview of Marine Litter in the NOWPAP Region; and
- Part II: NOWPAP Regional Action Plan on Marine Litter.


Download: English
Global environment outlook (GEO), Chapters and Articles
Land and Soil Policy - Global Environment Outlook (GEO-6): Healthy Planet, Healthy People Chapter 15
United Nations Environment Programme

This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of the current Land and Soil policy framework and the related shortcomings, especially in terms of policy cohesion and implementation, as well as overall effectiveness. The subsequent sections present case studies of different sets of legal and policy instruments, economic tools and incentives, as well as policies and programmes implemented across different countries. The case studies were selected based on the criteria of regional balance, different spatial scales, type of policies and/or governance arrangements, plus their relevance to state and trends of land resources as detailed in Chapter 8 of this report.


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Policy and Strategy Documents
Managing Watersheds for Urban Resilience: Policy Brief
United Nations Environment Programme, Partnership for Environment and Disaster Risk Reduction

This policy brief is intended to raise awareness of the importance of sustainable watershed management for resilient urban planning, and to provide recommendations on how city and municipal governments can effectively utilize a watershed management approach for urban risk reduction. The policy brief aims to contribute towards the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) Global Campaign “Making Cities Resilient” and strategic outcomes of the 2011 Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction. Through four different case studies this brief demonstrates how ecosystem-based approaches in watershed management can provide complementary solutions to help achieve urban development goals, as well as protect people and development investments against water-related disasters and climate change.  


Download: English