Tagged on: Africa

Regional Synthesis Report on the Status of Pollution in the Western Indian Ocean Region
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Environment Programme Institutional authors

In an endeavour to address the problems in coastal and marine environments, Governments of the
Eastern African region - Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius,
Seychelles and France (Reunion) - came together under the framework of United Nations
Environmental Programme (UNEP) Regional Seas Programme in 1985 and endorsed the Convention
for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the
Eastern Africa region (also called the Nairobi Convention) and related Protocols. The Convention is
broadly aimed at maintaining essential ecological processes and life support systems, preserving
genetic diversity, and ensuring sustainable utilization of harvested natural resources. Today all ten
Eastern and Southern African countries have ratified the Convention: Comoros, France (La Reunion),
Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Seychelles, Somalia, South Africa and Tanzania.


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2009
Regional ‘State-of-the-Art’ Report on Municipal Wastewater Management in the WIOLaB Region
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Environment Programme Institutional authors

The marine and coastal environment of the countries of the Western Indian is rich in biodiversity and associated natural resources that in some hotspot areas are already been stressed by discharge of wastewater from urban areas. The need for action to reduce stress on ecosystems by strengthening the regional legal basis for preventing land based sources of pollution, partly through development of capacity for sustainable development cannot be under emphasized. The Regional status report presents the findings of the review of municipal wastewater management approaches in the WIO Region. The report also examines the GPA Municipal wastewater management guideline and establishes their applicability in the WIO Region.
The existing wastewater management policies and strategies in the WIO Region countries have been potential of resulting into significant changes in the way wastewater is managed and thus enhance public health and the integrity of the environment. The major problem, however, is the enforcement of policies, regulations and legislations. Wastewater management in the region is also hampered by weak institutional capacity, inadequate coordination and collaboration, unclear demarcation of responsibilities among various actors and low public awareness among the targeted communities. There is also a problem on the implementation and dissemination of policy and regulatory frameworks at all levels, particularly at the lower level close to beneficiaries (local communities, private sector, etc). Training and capacity building in local authorities with respect to attribution of ownership would considerably contribute to effective implementation of water and sanitation policies and associated legislation/regulations. Capacity building in the region is required for proper management of municipal wastewater.


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2009
Booklets and Brochures
Libreville Declaration on Health and Environment in Africa - 29 August 2008
United Nations Environment Programme, World Health Organization
Download: English
2009
Reports and Books
Regional Synthesis Report on the Policy, Legal, Regulatory and Institutional frameworks in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) region
United Nations Environment Programme, Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association (WIOMSA)

The main purpose of the report is to provide baseline knowledge of the gaps in the legal, policy, regulatory and institutional frameworks for dealing with Land-based Sources and Activities (LBSA) issues in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) Region. The report forms part of a process towards the development of a new LBSA Protocol to the Convention for the management, protection and development of the coastal and marine environment in the Eastern Africa region (in short referred to as Nairobi Convention). The study is intended to create momentum towards necessary changes in legal and other frameworks as the Region looks forward to implement the proposed LBSA Protocol.


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2009
Reports and Books
Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis of Land-based Sources and Activities in the Western Indian Ocean Region.
United Nations Environment Programme, Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association

This document presents the results of a series of investigations and expert analyses relating to land-based sources of pollution and other activities that cause the degradation of the coastal and marine environment in the West Indian Ocean (WIO). More specifically, it identifies those elements that may induce impacts beyond national boundaries or that are problems common to several countries of the region. Collectively, this represents a Transboundary Analysis (TDA)||a decision support tool intended to inform countries in the WIO region with regard to priority issues and problems to be addressed within the context of immediate and long-term sustainable management of the WIO coastal and marine ecosystems. In this regard, the TDA forms the basis for the development of a comprehensive Strategic Action Programme (SAP) for addressing landbased sources and activities.


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2009
Reports and Books
Regional Synthesis Report on the Status of Pollution in the Western Indian Ocean Region
United Nations Environment Programme, the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association (WIOMSA)

The focus of this report is on land-based sources of marine pollution, typically addressed under the UNEP Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities (GPA) and the Nairobi Convention. It does not deal with sea-based sources of marine pollution (e.g. maritime transportation and offshore dumping of waste), which are typically dealt with under other international conventions.


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2009
Nairobi Declaration on the African Process for Combating Climate Change
United Nations Environment Programme

Nairobi Declaration on the African Process for Combating Climate Change


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2009
Reports and Books
Regional Report on River-coast Interactions in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) region
United Nations Environment Programme, the African Centre for Water Research (ACWR), Western Indian Ocean Marine Sciences Association (WIOMSA)

This report presents an assessment of hydrological and land use  characteristics affecting  river‐coast interactions in the West Indian Ocean region. One of the key areas of concern for  the WIO region relates to the interaction between river basins and the coastal and marine  environment.  The report  provides  an  overview  of the  characteristics  of the main rivers  flowing into the South‐West Indian Ocean, from Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, South Africa  and Madagascar incorporating hydrology, land use and environmental issues. 


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2009
Reports and Books
Guidelines for the Establishment of Environmental Quality Objectives and Targets in the Coastal Zone of the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) Region
United Nations Environment Programme, the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)

This report describes the main ecotones of the WIO region and reviews the pressures on these ecosystems, with emphasis on those arising from land-based activities. The sensitivity of these ecotones and key species which inhibit them is assessed from available literature. This is done with a view to prepare EQO/Ts for the coastal zone of the WIO region.


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2009
Reports and Books
The Strategic Action Programme (SAP) for the Protection of the Western Indian Ocean from Land-Based Sources and Activities
United Nations Environment Programme

The Strategic Action Programme for the protection of the coastal and marine environment of the Western Indian Ocean from Land-based sources and activities (SAP) has been completed at a time when it is most needed. The SAP will in particular help the governments in the WIO region to jointly or individually deal with the challenges associated with the increasing demand for coastal and marine resources and the consequent destruction and degradation of critical habitats, changes in freshwater flow and sediments loads, as well as challenges resulting from global climate change. Decision-makers, administrators, planners, resource managers and scientists, will in particularly find this document valuable in the conception, formulation and implementation of specific projects aimed at enhancing the protection of the coastal and marine environment


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2009