Tagged on: Afghanistan

Reports and Books
Women and natural resources in Afghanistan
United Nations Environment Programme

Afghanistan’s women contribute enormously to the management of the country’s natural resources, and therefore to sustaining both rural and urban livelihoods. They fulfill several roles, from providing agricultural labour, cultivating fruit and rearing livestock, to collecting wood and maintaining the family unit through cooking, cleaning and child care.


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2009
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2009 Update: Broadening Openness for a Resilient Asia
Asian Development Bank

Developing Asia as a whole is proving to be more resilient to the global economic slowdown than was expected when Asian Development Outlook 2009 (ADO 2009) was published in March this year. Consequently, this Update sees somewhat stronger growth for both this year and next than was earlier forecast.


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2009
Reports and Books
Environment Program: Progress and Prospects
Asian Development Bank

Environment Program: Progress and Prospects is a snapshot of the Asian Development Bank’s (ADB’s) strategies and programs, loans and technical assistance projects with environmental sustainability as a theme. It also highlights partnerships and actions that ADB is supporting to promote environmentally sustainable economic growth in Asia and the Pacific. It informs our stakeholders of ADB’s support for its developing member countries (DMCs) during 2003–2008, and its future actions to address the environmental challenges affecting our region.


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2009
Annual Reports
Asian Development Bank Sustainability Report 2009
Asian Development Bank

The second Sustainability Report of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) makes information readily available on its continued work on promoting environmentally sustainable and socially inclusive growth, and minimizing our corporate environment footprint. This update of ADB's first Sustainability Report, published in 2007, provides information about and data on our operations and Strategy 2020, ADB's new long-term strategic framework. It focuses on our work to improve environmental management, including climate change, social development, and governance


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2009
Reports and Books
Asian Development Outlook 2009: Rebalancing Asia's Growth
Asian Development Bank

Asian Development Outlook 2009 (ADO 2009) is the 21st edition of the annual comprehensive economic report on the developing member economies of the Asian Development Bank. ADO 2009 sets out the global economic conditions underlying the assessment of and projections for developing Asia and evaluates the recent economic performance of 45 economies in Asia, and provides projections for major macroeconomic indicators for 2009 and 2010.


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2009
Reports and Books
From conflict to peacebuilding: the role of natural resources and the environment
United Nations Environment Programme

Since 1990 at least eighteen violent conflicts have been fuelled by the exploitation of natural resources. In fact, recent research suggests that over the last sixty years at least forty percent of all intrastate conflicts have a link to natural resources. Civil wars such as those in Liberia, Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo have centred on high-value resources like timber, diamonds, gold, minerals and oil. Other conflicts, including those in Darfur and the Middle East, have involved control of scarce resources such as fertile land and water.


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2009
Reports and Books
UNEP in Afghanistan: laying the foundations for sustainable development
United Nations Environment Programme

The report addresses urban environmental issues such as waste management, sanitation, and air quality||the status and management of natural resources such as woodlands and forests, water, rangelands and wildlife||protected areas conservation||and environmental governance.


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2009
Reports and Books
A guide to Afghanistan's 2007 environmental law
United Nations Environment Programme

The purpose of this brochure is to give the Afghan people, and other interested persons, a basic overview as to why and how the Law was developed, and the implications of the Law for the ordinary person and the government. This brochure should therefore be read in conjunction with the Law itself (see Official Gazette No. 912, dated 25 January 2007).


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2008
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2008 Update
Asian Development Bank

The annual Asian Development Outlook aims to present an analysis of the recent past and forecasts for the next couple of years for the developing economies of Asia. In this Update to April's publication, regional economic growth for 2008 is taken down marginally to 7.5%, largely on unstable financial markets and elevated commodity prices. Regional growth in 2009 is expected to further decelerate to 7.2%. Inflation forecasts are revised up—reflecting rising global prices of food and fuel and earlier loose monetary policy—to 7.8% in 2008 and to 6.0% in 2009. The Update presents four thematic chapters discussing recent global commodity price rises and their impacts on developing Asia. They suggest that high international commodity prices are here to stay. But, given that demand-pull rather than cost-push factors are causing high prices, the role of monetary policy is still relevant in containing price pressures. Indeed, there has to be a reshifting of the basic monetary stance toward tightening throughout developing Asia, to prevent inflation from becoming entrenched.


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2008
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2008: Workers in Asia
Asian Development Bank

The annual Asian Development Outlook provides a comprehensive economic analysis of 44 economies in developing Asia and the Pacific. This 20th anniversary edition examines trends and prospects in Central Asia, East Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific. Developing Asia's performance in 2007 broke records in almost two decades. Aggregate gross domestic product grew at 8.7%, on supportive global economic conditions, a largely favorable policy environment, and productivity gains as the region continued its remarkable modernization and transformation. Conditions in the global economy now look distinctly unsteady with the United States, Japan, and Europe set for a synchronized slowdown this year. Still, developing Asia will not be hostage to the global slowdown, even if it cannot remain immune to it, and its growth this year and next should be only a little below longer-run trends. But with commodity prices soaring and despite government price restraints, inflation is accelerating and is likely to hit decade-long highs. Rising inflation expectations are a more immediate threat to developing Asia than the prospect of a moderate slowdown in growth. This year's theme on workers in developing Asia spotlights three issues. Will the region reap the demographic advantages of its many young people about to enter the workforce? Can it resolve its silent crisis in terms of its skills shortages? Third, with migration burgeoning within the region, will policies move to keep up with the reality on the ground?


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2008